Chapter 1 Study Guide - C181 Survey of US Constitution and...

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C181 – Survey of US Constitution and Government STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 1 STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 1 VOCABULARY TERM DEFINITION DEMOCRATIC SOCIALISM A socialist form of government that guarantees civil liberties such as freedom of speech and religion. Citizens determine the extent of government activity through free elections and competitive political parties. GOVERNMENT The legitimate use of force or power to control human behavior. It is force or power and is based on VALUES. COMMUNISM A political system in which, in theory, ownership of all land and productive facilities is in the hands of the people, and all goods are equally shared. The production and distribution of goods are controlled by an authoritarian government. LAISSEZ FAIRE An economic doctrine that opposes any form of government intervention in business. SOCIAL EQUAILTY Equality of wealth, education and status. POLICE POWER The authority of a government to maintain order and safeguard citizens’ health, morals, safety, and welfare. RIGHTS The benefits of government to which every citizen is entitled. PUBLIC GOODS Benefits and services, such as parks and sanitation, that benefit all citizens but are not likely to be produced voluntarily by individuals. SOCIALISM A form of rule in which the central government plays a strong role in regulation existing private industry and directing the economy, although it does allow SOME private ownership of productive capacity. FREEDOM An absence of constraints on behavior. Freedom to do, think believe, feel create, buy or sell something, travel, live where you want legally, start a business, get a job, join/start a group, talk to leaders, make choices regarding self, family and friends that do not infringe on anyone else’s freedoms. CAPITALISM The system of government that favors FREE ENTERPRISE (privately owned business operating without government regulation). GLOBALIZATION The increasing interdependence of citizens and nations across the world. CONSERVATIVES Those who are willing to use government to promote order but not equality. ORDER Established ways of social behavior. (Maintaining order is the oldest purpose of government.
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