PSYCHOPATHOLOGY 2 - Times and locations for EXAM 2 review...

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1 Times and locations for EXAM 2 review  session: Friday, November 9 from 12:10-1:15 in the  UV Theater 9 Friday, November 9 from 1:20-2:30 in the  UV Theater 8
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2 PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS DEFINING ABNORMALITY:  Four different criteria CLASSIFYING DISORDERS:  DSM-IV UNDERSTANDING DISORDERS:  Five different perspectives ANXIETY DISORDERS:  Four types MOOD DISORDERS:  Three types SCHIZOPHRENIA PERSONALITY DISORDERS:  Focus   antisocial DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS
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3 What is abnormal behavior? Its definition changes over time, like fashion!
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4 .. But the concept of ‘abnormality’ has been around for centuries
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5 Abnormality Defined • Deviation from cultural norms • Deviation from statistical norms • Maladaptive  behavior • Personal distress Abnormal behavior = pathology
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6 Cultural Deviance How would you define abnormal behavior? But accepted standards differ across societies Criminals violate established norms Violates the accepted standards of society
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7 How would you define abnormal behavior? Statistical Deviance Objective Statistically extreme cases But lots of people at various extremes Normally we mean “troubled” (not just different) How extreme does behavior need to be?
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8 How would you define abnormal behavior? Emotional Distress Not all disordered people are upset But not all upset people have disorder
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9 How would you define abnormal behavior? Maladaptiveness Is there a breakdown in normal functioning? E.g, in terms of eating properly, cleaning themselves, holding a job But this partially determined by environment
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10 How would you define abnormal behavior? Observer discomfort People with psychological disorders can threaten or produce  discomfort in others   But not all people who challenge norms are mentally ill (e.g.,  Nelson Mandela)
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11 Defining  normality • Appropriate perceptions  of reality • Ability to exercise voluntary control  over  behavior • Self-esteem  and acceptance • Ability to form affectionate relationships • Productivity
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Could you fool a psychologist into thinking that you are mad?   Probably!! Experiment: David Rosenhan (1973) Otherwise, honest about personal histories All were admitted and diagnosed as paranoid schizophrenic  auditory hallucinations   Rosenhan took notes – described as “writing behavior” Their Question : “At what point would someone detect their  sanity?” The Answer : “it never  happened” (20 hospitals) Even after study, hospitals persisted, releasing the pseudo-patients  with a diagnosis of “schizophrenia in remission”. 
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2008 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 002 taught by Professor Benetmartinez during the Spring '08 term at UC Riverside.

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PSYCHOPATHOLOGY 2 - Times and locations for EXAM 2 review...

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