DBQ-Buddhism - Danny Jeremiah Carson Rachael APWH DBQ Buddhism in China Within the first century C.E Buddhism began to spread in China as a result of

DBQ-Buddhism - Danny Jeremiah Carson Rachael APWH DBQ...

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Danny, Jeremiah, Carson, Rachael APWH 11/3/16 DBQ Buddhism in China Within the first century C.E, Buddhism began to spread in China as a result of the collapse of the Han Dynasty. However, despite the popularity within China, there were both positive and negative aspects towards Buddhism. There were many responses towards the spread of Buddhism in China. Confucian supporters were, overall, against the spread of Buddhism and criticized the religion as seen in documents three, four and six. However, we see supporters of Buddhism that accept the religion as seen in documents one, two, and five. With an additional document from a peasant, we are able to describe how peasants wanted Buddhism due to alignment of values. Prior to the Han Dynasty, we see that Confucianism had dominated China as the leading and most popular philosophy. However, Confucianism was created to bring stability, order, and bring justice to the dynasty. After the fall of the Han Dynasty, Confucianism failed to keep order within the empire and, as a result, fell apart and lost popularity. This gave way for Buddhism to travel from India to China. The religion had spread through merchants across the silk road. Despite the past intentions of halting Buddhism, the religion continued to spread. As the religion continued to gain popularity, many Confucians had criticized Buddhism. The religion itself was seen as a threat to society and a problem to mankind. Confucianism and Buddhism are two things that are different and is like “comparing a white deer to a unicorn, or a swallow to a phoenix”. Buddhist followers observes a high degree of an ascetic lifestyle. As seen in document three by an Anonymous Chinese scholar, “The Disposition of Error”, we see how the ascetic lifestyle can be a negative thing. According to Buddhism, an ascetic lifestyle means living a
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simple life and “forsaking wives and children”. In By doing so, a human being cannot find
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