APWH Inclass Notes - Chapter 17 Germanic Successor States c 500 CE Last Roman emperor deposed by Germanic Odoacer 476 CE Administrative apparatus still

APWH Inclass Notes - Chapter 17 Germanic Successor States c...

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Chapter 17 Germanic Successor States, c 500 CE Last Roman emperor deposed by Germanic Odoacer. 476 CE Administrative apparatus still in place, but cities lose population Germanic successor states: Spain: Visigoths (Muslim displace them) Italy: Ostrogoths (Later Lombards) Gaul: Burgundians, Franks (Strongest) Britain: Angles, Saxons. The Franks Heavy influence on European development Strong agricultural base Shifts center of economic gravity to Europe Firm alliance with western Christian Church. Clovis (ruled 418-511) Major Frankish leader Destroyed last vestiges of Roman rule in Gaul Dominated other Germanic peoples Franks establish themselves as preeminent Germanic people. Clovis’s Conversion to Christianity Paganism, Arian Christianity popular among Franks Clovis and army chooses Roman Catholicism Influence of wife Clotilda Political implications: Alliance with western church Carolingians Charles “The Hammer” Martel beings Carolingian dynasty Defeasts Spanish Muslims at Battle of Tours (732) Halts Islamic advance into western Europe Charlemagne (Charles the Great) Grandson of Charles Martel Centralized imperial rule Functional illiterate, but sponsored extensive scholarship Major military achievements. Charlemagne’s Administration Capital at Aachen, Germany Yet constant travel throughout empire Imperial officials: missi dominici (“envoys of the lord ruler) Continued yearly circuit travel Charlemagne as Emperor Hesitated to challenge Byzantine by taking title “emperor” Yet ruled in fact Pope Leo III crowns him as emperor in 800 Planned in advance? Challenge to Byzantium Louis the Pious Son of Charlemagne Lost control of courts, local authorities Civil war erupts between three sons
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Empire divided in 843 Invasions South Muslims East: Magyars North: Vikings Norse expansion beings c. 800 CE Driven by population pressure, hostility to spread of Christianity Superior seafaring technology Sailed to eastern Canada, northeastern US Paganism Vikings From village of Vik, Norway (hence Vikings) Boats with shallow drafts, capable of river travel as well as open seas Attacked Villages, cities from 9th century on Constantinople sacked three times Carolingian had no navy, dependent on local defenses. England Vikings invasions force consolidation of Angles, Saxons, and other Germanic people under King Alfred Built a Navy Fortified cities against attack Chapter 18 Nomadic Economy and Society Rainfall in central Asia too little to support large-scale agriculture Grazing animals thrive, central Asian turn to animal herding Food Clothing Shelter (yurts) Migratory pattern to follow pastureland Small-scale farming, rudimentary artisanry.
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