Period 3 - Regional and Transregional Interactions(600CE 1450 CE Technological Changes and Trading Practices Cities increased in number and importance

Period 3 - Regional and Transregional Interactions(600CE...

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Regional and Transregional Interactions (600CE- 1450 CE) Technological Changes and Trading Practices Cities increased in number and importance Afro-Eurasian trading cities West Africa: Djenne, Timbuktu, Gao Europe: Byzantium and Novgorod Southwest Asia: Baghdad Central Asia: Bukhara and Samarkand East Asia: Dunhuang and Chang’an Important Seaports Europe: Venice and Byzantium Southwest Asia: Tyre and Hormuz East Africa: Kilwa and Zanzibar South Africa: Calicut and Goa East Asia: Hangzhou and Guangzhou Luxury items Silk was prized in AFro-Eurasia Political unrest With the fall of the Han Dynasty in China, trade along the Silk Roads and the Indian Ocean region declined due to instability Security was reestablished with the development of the Tang and the Song Dynasty Chinese land merchants crossed in greater numbers and sea merchants sailed across Indian Ocean Greatest decision was to NOT interfere Chinese emperors allowed merchants to be self-governed Huge ships and thousands of merchants across the Indian Ocean, but did not attempt to influence trade Minted money and printed by government Concept as early as the Persian Empire Chinese merchants were potentially the first to introduce paper money Flying money Mongols introduced paper money into Central and Southwest Asia Grand Canal was completed during the Sui Dynasty Built during the Tang, Song, and Yuan (Mongol) era Other Empires Byzantine Empire was major political economic and social power in eastern half of the Mediterranean region Muslim caliphates and Mongol empires of southwest and central ASia kept trade routes open across Dar-al Islam and during the PAx Mongolica Cause and effect of Movements Vikings adopted ships to withstand tough sea environments Raided England, France, Russia, ITaly, and Byzantine Empire Were also known was Northmen, Norsemen, and Normans Influenced language and eventually accepting Christianity
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Christianity became popular after the fall of Rome Settled in France, Russia, Iceland, Greenland, and North America Southwest Asia Muslims Arabs domesticated camels and introduced into North Africa’s Sahara trade network Mongols made horsemanship major characteristic of their civilization Great with battles World Religions and Syncretism Syncretism or blending of religions Islam, Buddhism, and Christianity adopted to local conditions Mahayana Buddhism adapted to become a salvationist faith that promised eternal life More popular than Theravada Buddhism Christianity incorporated some Roman polytheistic beliefs by including prayers to saints who would intervene with God Adopted day of the dead from Aztec faith Islam encountered Hinduism Blending reflected in mystical Sufi Branch of Islam Cross-Cultural exchange Bantu exchange in Central Africa Migrated east and south into forest regions
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  • Fall '16
  • Mr. Novak
  • Islam, Mongol Empire

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