Period TWO - Organization and reorganization of human societies 600 BCE 600 CE Know as the Classical Era Development of Faith Hebrews were scattered in

Period TWO - Organization and reorganization of human...

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Organization and reorganization of human societies 600 BCE- 600 CE Know as the Classical Era Development of Faith Hebrews were scattered in Southwest Asia (Jewish Diaspora) Hindiusm Developed spiritual and social caste system Beliefs were influenced by concepts from Vedic religions Beliefs were passed on through oral Eventually through Vedas and Upanishad Caste System Cycles of births, death, and reincarnation Souls elevate souls to highest level of spirituality or moksha Many reincarnations to be united with Brahman Karma Five levels or human castes Untouchables at the lowest New religions from Hinduism and Hebrew ( or Judaism) Buddhism Began in Southwest Asia around 500 BCE Founded by Prince Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha or Enlightened One) Maintained Hinduism beliefs in reincarnation by taught that the there was no Caste system Everyone can reach Nirvana Four Noble Truths and the Eight-Fold Paths Eight-Fold Path. Right; View Intentions Speech Action Livelihood Effort Mindfulness Concentration Supreme Being once they reach Nirvana Christianity Began in Southwest Asia during first century CE Christianity was introduced to Hebrews in ROman-controlled Palestine by Jesus, who preached salvation through faith in him as the Son of God. Records recorded in the Gospels and developed in other writing, particularly by his disciple Paul Christianity and Buddhism Both faith taught the spiritual equality of all believers Significant difference was that the Buddha himself did not promise eternal life to his followers, while Jesus did Popularity
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Buddhism spread east across the Indian Ocean by missionaries and merchants, and via the Silk Roads into China. Message of peace was popular Mauryan Emperor Ashoka was an early supporter of Buddhist missionary activity Changed from peace to salvation, Buddha delivered eternal life. Mahayana Buddhism, most popular Theravada Buddhism is closer to the original form and is practiced today in Sri Lanka and parts of Southeast Asia Christianity persecuted by Roman government due to disloyalty Accepted by Emperor Constantine Works spread through Missionaries carrying west into North Africa, Turkey, and Europe Eternal life Popularity increased when Roman Empire loss power in the West Confucius When China was undergoing great political turmoil during the Warring
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