geopolit - GEOPOLITICS International relations from a...

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GEOPOLITICS International relations from a geographical perspective
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State a state is an independent country (though the term indicates a part of a country in common speech) an independent country is afforded sovereignty by international laws, agreements, and precedents internationally recognized boundaries states supply public goods (like roads and education), regulate economic relations, seek legitimacy in the eyes of citizens and others, and direct relations with other states
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The power of the state resides in state authorities " L'état, c'est moi! " (I am the State!) Louis XIV There is only one way to construct such a Common Power as may be able to defend people from the invasion of foreigners and interpersonal conflict—one way to ensure that industriousness and resources are sufficient for a contented life. That is to confer all their power and strength upon one Man or Assembly of men that reduces many wills to one will; people must appoint one man or an Assembly of men to bear their Person. Every one must then acknowledge himself to be the source of the acts of the chosen leader who acts in support of the common peace and safety, and everyone must submit his or her will to the will of the leader and his or her judgment to the judgment of the leader. Thomas Hobbes Leviathan 1651 (paraphrase by P. Adams)
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nation a nation is a group of people with a claim to a shared past, common culture, and collective destiny some nations are virtually coextensive with states, forming nation-states (e.g. Japan, Sweden, Mongolia) some nations are struggling for autonomy/sovereignty and may lie entirely within a state (Quebec's situation in Canada) or across state borders (Kurdistan's situation in Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Syria region) Nationalism the passionate defense of national interests, either in a nation-state framework (where it is also called patriotism) or outside of such framework (where it is called by various names such as treason and
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Enclave a "hole" in a political territory created by a sovereign or semi-sovereign entity (like a state, tribal homeland, or Indian reservation) or by a fragment of a foreign country (like the U.S. enclave at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba) a district, province, region, town, etc. in a state that aligns itself politically with a foreign state, usually an adjacent one
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Enclaves Lesotho and The Gambia
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Exclave a bit of a state that is separated from the rest of the state, such as Alaska (a U.S. exclave) and Kaliningrad (a Russian exclave bordering Lithuania and Poland on the Baltic Sea)
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Exclaves Kaliningrad Exclave of Russia
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Can you spot any potential problems here? Hint: discontinuities in formal culture regions often cause political problems
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Enclave + Exclave = Trouble Two small countries in the Caucasus Mutually hostile despite 10 year ceasefire Armenia has an ethnically Armenian (Indo-European) Christian population Azerbaijan has a Turkic Muslim population
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geopolit - GEOPOLITICS International relations from a...

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