israelB - Israel & the Palestinians An intractable problem?...

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Israel & the Palestinians An intractable problem?
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Components of Lecture 1. Perceptual issues 2. Geographical and social contrasts 3. What each side wants 4. History of the participants and the region 5. Why the US is involved
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Perceptual Issues
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What do you know about the “Middle East conflict”? How do you know what you know? What media do you use? What shapes your view aside from the media?
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The kind of images we see most often Time.com, http://www.time.com/time/daily/special/photo/ mideast3/9.html Ali Hashisho, Reuters, http://www.yesha.org.il/islam.htm
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Images we don’t often see in the US media Father carrying injured Palestinian boy http://www.alkhilafah.info/massacres/palestine/ind ex11.htm Mother with dead Palestinian girl: http://www.worldrevolution.org/Projects/PhotoAr chive/PhotoThumbs.asp?topic=palestine
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Different media perspectives Personal vs. impersonal stories Visual vs. textual accounts Judgmental vs. non-judgmental terminology (attacked/responded, seized/defended, brought chaos/reasserted control) Normal & natural vs. abnormal & unnatural
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Terms used in the media and US public debates What is a soldier? Are there Palestinian soldiers? What is a militant? Are there Israeli militants? What is a patriot? What is a terrorist? What is an extremist? Imbalance in economic power and military technology creates the basis for many differences in terminology
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How do we describe this encounter?
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Contrasts
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Geographical Contrasts $1,500 West Bank $1,000 Gaza Strip $18,900 GDP per capita Loss of territory, violence, oppression Loss of territory, violence, oppression What do they fear? A nation without a state A state What is it? THE PALESTINIANS ISRAEL 24 per 1000 7 per 1000 Infant mortality rate $121 million (2% of Israel’s aid total) $5 billion Foreign aid, annual estimate (2000)
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History of the Participants and the Region
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Judea and Samaria
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The Jewish diaspora
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Early History Canaanites & Philistines until about 1020 BC Conquest of these groups by Israelites About 450 yrs. of Jewish control over Judea and Samaria ending in 587 BC Beginning of diaspora Control by the Babylonians, Syrians, and Romans for the next 1000 yrs. Control by Muslims for the next 1,300 yrs., although Christian crusaders gained control of a coastal strip from Gaza to Lebanon for about 100 yrs. By 1900, about 11% of the total Palestinian population was Jewish
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Ethnic Homeland To your offspring I will give this land (Genesis 12:7) All the land that you see I will give to you and your offspring forever (Genesis 13:15) I am the Lord, who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans to give you this land to take possession of it (Genesis 15:7) To your descendants I give this land (Genesis 15:18) The whole land of Canaan, where you are now an alien, I
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2008 for the course GRG 305 taught by Professor Adams during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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israelB - Israel & the Palestinians An intractable problem?...

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