revu1c - EXAM 1 REVIEW GRG-305 This Human World Prof Adams...

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EXAM 1 REVIEW GRG-305, This Human World Prof. Adams human geography - the branch of geography dealing with how human activity affects or is influenced by the earth's surface. culture - the set of learned behaviors and symbolic systems transmitted through socialization, as well as the set of material artifacts and systems used by a social group. culture region - similarities in an area; formal, vernacular, functional culture complex - a closely related set of culture traits; historical and causal cultural diffusion - An increase in the spatial extent of a particular culture trait or culture complex either through movement of people through space (migration) or through the adoption of a culture trait by other groups. barrier to diffusion - receptivity to diffusion - relocation diffusion - individuals or groups with particular ideas migrate from one location to another expansion diffusion - ideas or practices spread throughout a population contagious diffusion - wavelike spread of ideas in the manner of a contagious disease, moving throughout space without regard to hierarchies hierarchical diffusion - ideas leapfrog from one important person to another or from one urban center to another stimulus diffusion - specific trait is rejected but underlying idea is accepted landscape - all the visible features of an area of countryside or land, often considered in terms of their aesthetic appeal cultural ecology - Culture is an adaptive strategy mainly (but not entirely) limited to humans, involving learned, cooperative behavior and major environmental modifications cultural interaction - Cultures are integrated systems in which each part (trait) is linked to all of the others environmental determinism - possibilism - Scientific philosophy that the environment does not determine elements of culture, but it does set bounds on the possible or probable forms that culture will take adaptive strategy cultural core and periphery - topophilia ‘love of place ;’ to describe people who exhibit a strong sense of place and geographers who are attracted to the study of such people and places place image – place, portrayer, and meduim interact to produce the image, which, in turn, colors our perception and beliefs about places and regions we have never visited ethnocentrism - evaluating other peoples and cultures according to the standards of one's own culture. map projection - he representation on a plane surface of any part of the surface of the earth or a celestial sphere. cartography - the science or practice of drawing maps. thematic map - choropleth map – a map that uses differences in shading, coloring, or the placing of symbols within predefined areas to indicate the average values of a property or quantity in those areas. folk culture
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2008 for the course GRG 305 taught by Professor Adams during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas.

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revu1c - EXAM 1 REVIEW GRG-305 This Human World Prof Adams...

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