Class18 - Environmental Issues International Cooperation on...

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Environmental Issues International Cooperation on the Environment State of Environmental Cooperation The state of international cooperation on the environment is erratic. Some examples: Air Pollution in Europe Regulation of Fisheries and Whaling CITES (endangered species) Global warming: Kyoto and Bali These examples omit cases of no cooperation. Public Goods The properties of environmental issues lead to the difficulty of cooperation on them. The benefits are general to all, and typically no one can be excluded. The costs are specific and larger than an individual’s contribution to the good. Public goods, such as protection of fisheries, have these two characteristics. Public Goods and Enforcement While all might agree that a public good should be produced, all also have the incentive not to contribute to its production. Parallel to Prisoners’ Dilemma Public goods can be provided through Provision by a single actor Coercion Selective benefits
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Class18 - Environmental Issues International Cooperation on...

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