4.9 The Versailles Treaty and the Rise of Fascism - 4\/9 The Versailles Treaty and the Rise of Fascism Tuesday April 1 4 2 015 10:34 A M Short Twentieth

4.9 The Versailles Treaty and the Rise of Fascism - 4/9 The...

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Unformatted text preview: 4/9: The Versailles Treaty and the Rise of Fascism Tuesday, April 1 4, 2 015 10:34 A M Short Twentieth Century 1914-­‐1991 • 1914-­‐1945 "European Civil War" • 1945-­‐1991 Cold War/Prosperity The Inter-­‐war Period, 1918-­‐1939 • 1918-­‐1925 Instability and Fascism • 1925-­‐1929 Peace and Prosperity • 1929-­‐1939 Depression and Nazism How Do Wars End? Instability 1918-­‐1925 The German Revolution, 1918-­‐1919 • Final Offensive, March-­‐July 1918 • William II flees country and abdicates • Liberals in power • The Weimar Republic • Surrendered Armistice November 1918 • Instability 1918-­‐1939 • Dictatorships • Loss of Life/Value of Life • Finances-­‐-­‐U.S./Europe • Lower V alue of Life Votes for Women • Total War/Mobilization • Qualification of Women Act ( Great Britain) 1918 • 19th Amendment (U.S.A.) 1919 • Weimar Constitution ( Germany) 1919 • France? Votes for Women • Total War/Mobilization • Qualification of Women Act ( Great Britain) 1918 • 19th Amendment (U.S.A.) 1919 • Weimar Constitution ( Germany) 1919 • France? Paris Conference Treaty of Versailles 1919 • France • Great Britain • United States Woodrow Wilson-­‐-­‐the "soft line" on Germany • American Global Campaign for Democracy • Nationalism • League of Nations • Fourteen Points • Democratic Imperialism • Charter for American Global Intervention New Nations • Eastern Europe Ottoman Empire • British and French Imperialism • Iraq • Kuwait • Palestine • Syria • Turkey • British and French Imperialism • Iraq • Kuwait • Palestine • Syria • Turkey League of Nations-­‐-­‐mandate system The Hard Line: France • Reparations • War Guilt • Restrictions on Military Germany: The Weimar Republic • Weakened economy • War guilt • Severe Political Polarization • Right: nationalist and monarchists • "Stab in the Back" Surrender FASCISM • Contempt for Democracy FASCISM • Contempt for Democracy • Hostility to Socialism • Racism/Anti-­‐Semitism • Nationalist Extremes • Strong Leaders Italy: Benito Mussolini, 1922 • March on Rome Inflation of 1923 • reparations • Dawes Plan 1924 • Treaty of Locarno 1925 • Germany in League of Nations 1926 Peace/Prosperity 1925-­‐29 • Reaction against War • League of Nations • American Influence in Europe • Radio • Consumer Goods Culture Movies Culture Movies ○ Charles Chaplin ○ Marlene Dietrich Phonograph ○ Jazz ○ New Orleans ○ Dancing Gay and Lesbian Culture Role of Women • Professions • The "New Woman" • The Flapper • Marie Stopes Married Love 1918 • Sex for Pleasure • Contraception Conservative reaction/churches/fascism • Attack on "Degeneracy": movies/modern art • Berlin • U.S.A. Prohibition of alcohol • Radio Evangelism: Aimee Semple McPherson • Prosecution of birth control advocates ○ Margaret Sanger • Children or Profession? Depression 1929 Rise of Hitler ...
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