3.24 Imperialism and Resistance - 3\/24 Imperialism and Resistance Tuesday March 24 2 015 9:12 A M British Expansion After 1760 Geo-Politics East Asia

3.24 Imperialism and Resistance - 3/24 Imperialism and...

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Unformatted text preview: 3/24: Imperialism and Resistance Tuesday, March 24, 2 015 9:12 A M British Expansion After 1760 • Geo-­‐Politics: East Asia, Central Asia, Africa • India: The Great Game • Afghanistan: Graveyard of Empires? ○ Center of British imperial diplomacy Where is it? • The Great Game: a buffer state • Boundaries» drawn by imperial powers First Afghan War 1839-­‐1842 • Dost Mohammed» unstable! • Shah Shuja • General Elphinstone's death march • 16,000 dead or captured • Reprisals» Kabul levelled Orientalism • Ungovernable» "wild tribes" • Fanatics • Cruel • Women Indian "Mutiny" of 1857, or • The First Indian War of Independece Second Afghan War 1878-­‐1880 • Russian Influence in Kabul • Ayud Khan • More military disasters • Battle of Kandahar China: Qing Dynasty 1644-­‐1912 • Western Expanision in China ○ Opium Wars • Foreign Presence ○ Missionaries ○ Shipping ○ Taxation • Taiping Rebellion 185101864 • Boxer Rebellion 1898-­‐1900 • Foreign Presence ○ Missionaries ○ Shipping ○ Taxation • Taiping Rebellion 185101864 • Boxer Rebellion 1898-­‐1900 Benefits of Imperialism from the Imperial Point of V iew • Spain» the true Catholic faith • Britain» training in self-­‐government and rule of law • France» the civilizing mission of French culture • All» "civilization" • "Christianity, Commerce, and Civilization" • Missionary Idealism vs. Realities of Military Occupation ○ Oberlin Memorial Arch Africa: legacy of the Slave Trade • The Suez Canal: Egypt and Ottoman Empire ○ "Which Came First, the Bible or the Flag?" ○ Spread of Christianity… Appeal to Africans • The Scramble for Africa Expansion in Middle East ○ Encircling Persia ( Iran) ○ Internal Combustion Engine ○ Royal Navy ( diesel vs. coal) ○ 1907 Anglo-­‐Russian Agreement • Islam and Christianity • The Ottoman Empire ○ Christians and Jews treated well ○ European anti-­‐Semitism ○ "The Sick Man of Europe" Questions for review: • What were the elements of the European balance of power? • How did the struggle for power work beyond the boundaries of Europe? • What benefits did imperialists believe they brought to their colonial subjects? • Why was the Suez Canal so important to the rulers of Great Britain? • What set off the "scramble for Africa?" • What were the interests of the great powers in the Middle East? • How did the relationship of the great powers to China differ from those in South Asia and Africa? • • How did the relationship of the great powers to China differ from those in South Asia and Africa? • ...
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