23 Lave Argument - EE 597 cture 23 CEE 597 Lecture 23 Lave:...

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Unformatted text preview: EE 597 cture 23 CEE 597 Lecture 23 Lave: Cost of Going 55 14 March 2007 Jery Stedinger Lecture 24 1 eadings Readings Readings for today Charles Lave, Cost of Going 55 Starting FRIDAY: Transport Modeling, Toxic Emissions, and Chronic Risks Stevens and Swackhammer, Environ. Pollution: A ultimedia approach multimedia approach McKone, Exposurefrom Multiple Media and through Multiple Pathways Later will read : Davis and Cornwell, Air Pollution 14 March 2007 Jery Stedinger Lecture 24 2 The Costs of Going 55 by Charles A. Lave 14 March 2007 Jery Stedinger Lecture 24 3 is Lecture and Lave Editorial This Lecture and Lave Editorial Concerned with the analysis of public risks and costs Should we take actions that have only small impacts from a national perspective How do we evaluate the cost of safety? (Time, money, deaths, injuries) How much is it reasonably to pay for safety? What is the value of human life? Laves article is an interesting example which raises these issues 14 March 2007 Jery Stedinger Lecture 24 4 OTE VOTE ow many in 1978 How many in 1978 would find Laves argument convincing? What are Laves best points? 14 March 2007 Jery Stedinger Lecture 24 5 Laves Key Points 1. Energy savings were trivial 1-2% of US gasoline consumption 2. 102 year to save one life amounts to sentence in Hell 3. If commuters were willing to pay 42% of hours wage, then resultant 1.3 million per life amounts to $6 billions/yr waste. 4. Arent there more efficient ways to save 4500 lives for less money. Such as smoke detectors at $50,000-8000 per life. Let efficient cars go 65, guzzlers must go 55 mph ??? 14 March 2007 Jery Stedinger Lecture 24 6 (1) Energy savings were trivial 1-2% of US gasoline consumption 14 March 2007 Jery Stedinger Lecture 24 7 ighway mileage/ vehicle miles Highway mileage/ vehicle miles Interstates were 19% of mileage 14 March 2007 Jery Stedinger Lecture 24 8 ffect of weight on passenger car Effect of weight on passenger car % 14 March 2007 Jery Stedinger Lecture 24 9 (i) Energy savings a trivial 1-2%...
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23 Lave Argument - EE 597 cture 23 CEE 597 Lecture 23 Lave:...

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