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Unformatted text preview: x = -) ( ) ( * , = = L R y x = x A x Polarization states Stationary states of the wave function Orthogonality Orthogonality Completeness: Every states can be described in terms of the basis states. Due to this correspondence, also the stationary states of the wave function are written as ket vector : with ) ( = m n n x n f n A A n f n N n n = = = with Georg.Hoffstaetter@Cornell.edu 101 03/18/2005 Physical correspondence to polarization states y x A y A x + = With probability * n n n A A P = = = N n n n A x x f ) ( ) ( Polarization states States of the wave function 2 * = = x A A P x x x x ) ( x n With probability Analyzers: can separate the components of the different basis states x Momentum analyzer Energy levels Measurement: changes the state of the quantum particle. 1 2 = = N n n A...
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