Review 2 - I. Visions of Death the Underworld Descent of...

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I. Visions of Death – the Underworld Descent of Odysseus Odysseus descends into the underworld with animals to sacrifice to attract the dead. He holds off the spirits from drinking to blood at first, refusing to let anyone drink it until he spoke to Tiresias. He encounters the soul of his dead shipmate Elpenor who broke his neck on the island of Circe. Odysseus promises Elpenor that he will return to Circe’s island and give him a proper funeral. Tiresias tells Odysseus what destiny has in store for him, and tells him that in order to speak to the soul of his mother, Odysseus must let her drink the blood. Odysseus also speaks with Agamemnon, who was murdered by his wife Clytemnestra and her love, Aegisthus. As a result, Agamemnon remains hostile of all women. He also encounters Achilles, Patroclus, and Ajax. Achilles was not thrilled to be dead. Descent of Aeneas Plato’s myth of ER Er dies in battle, but his body does not decay even after 10 days. On the twelfth day he comes back to life and tells his tale. He went down the underworld and described a plain with four tunnels, two on the right leading upward and two on the left leading down. In between sat judges who decided which way the souls went. Those who went up were very happy and rewarded beyond imagination. Those who went down had their sins marked on their backs and had to pay for each of them ten times over. When they finished paying for their sins, they were allowed to return to the plain. Those who tried to return too early were not let through; they were flayed and carried off by guards to Tartarus. Tantalus Forced to stand in a pool up to his chin, eternally thirsty. Any time he would strain to quench his thirst, the pool would recede and was swallowed up by the black earth below. Tall, leafy trees full of fruit dangled above his head, ripe with “pears, pomegranates, apples, sweet figs, and olives, growing in luxuriant profusion.” Anytime he would reach to to grab something, the wind would blow them out of reach. Sisyphus
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2008 for the course C C 303 taught by Professor Faulkner during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Review 2 - I. Visions of Death the Underworld Descent of...

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