week_14_thinking_2_3 - How Do We Think? Intelligence &...

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HD 220 Fall 2006 1 Temple, 2006 1 How Do We Think? Intelligence & Consciousness Week 14, Lecture 2 Temple, 2006 2 Announcements • Final – Tues Dec 12 – 7:00 – 9:30 p.m. in Barton Hall East • Study week – Poster session – Tues Dec 5 at 12:00 – 1:00 in MVR West Wing Atrium Ground floor and Basement level – Come even if don’t have a poster to support classmates Temple, 2006 3 Plan for today • Gender differences in brain function • Intelligence • Consciousness
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HD 220 Fall 2006 2 4 Gender Differences in Behavior There are some documented differences between genders in cognitive ability – Verbal vs spatial ability But, statistical vs meaningful difference number Some measure, say height, intel igence, etc Dif erence between groups Some measure, say height, intel igence, etc Statistical y different but not meaningful – not predictive Temple, 2006 5 Gender Differences Temple, 2006 6 Neural Basis for Gender Differences • Neural basis for gender differences – Have been difficult to find – especially in terms of gross anatomy brain structure – Hormones do affect neuron structure • May underlie many of the differences between genders – May be functional differences between genders • Males language more left lateralized than females?
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HD 220 Fall 2006 3 Temple, 2006 7 Hormone Effects Temple, 2006 8 Gender Differences • Very unclear what gender differences are stable and reliable – Variability within each gender may be much more than difference between two genders • Not clear whether gender differences in brain organization are important Temple, 2006 9 Plan for today • Gender differences in brain function • Intelligence • Consciousness
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HD 220 Fall 2006 4 Temple, 2006 10 Intelligence • How do we define intelligence? – Like emotion – although we feel like it is easy to identify intelligence it is actually very hard to define – Much debate about what intelligence is and how it is defined • No agreement yet Temple, 2006 11 Intelligence • Intelligence Theories – 1. General intelligence – “g” – 2. Multiple intelligences – 3. Divergent & Convergent intelligences – 4. Hereditary & Environment intelligences • Neural basis for intelligence – Because intelligence is not defined, it is difficult to determine a neural basis for it Temple, 2006 12 Einstein’s Brain
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2008 for the course HD 220 taught by Professor Anon during the Fall '06 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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week_14_thinking_2_3 - How Do We Think? Intelligence &...

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