week_14_thinking_3 - How Do We Think? Human Thought and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HD 220 Fall 2006 1 Temple, 2006 1 How Do We Think? Human Thought and Reasoning Week 14, Lecture 1 Temple, 2006 2 Human Thought and Reasoning • Circuits for Cognition – Objects: How does our brain understand what things are? – Spatial: How does our brain understand spatial relationships? – Attention: How does our brain focus on specific things? – Planning: How does our brain plan ahead? – Imitation: How does our brain imitate and copy behaviors? • Left vs Right – Does side of brain matter? Temple, 2006 5 Circuits for Cognition • Association cortex – 2 / 3 of cortex is association cortex – Not primary – Involved in integration of modalities – This cortex key to higher level processes like “thinking’ • Input to association cortex – Highly processed – Very diverse
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
HD 220 Fall 2006 2 Temple, 2006 6 How Do We Know WHAT Things Are? • Object Recognition – Ventral stream • Information about what objects are – Visually – Shape and function – Dorsal stream helps give info about where things are Temple, 2006 7 How Do We Know WHERE Things Are? Studying Spatial Cognition Temple, 2006 8 How Do We Know WHERE Things Are? How Do We Understand Spatial Relationships? • Spatial Cognition – Location of objects – mental manipulation of images – Navigation • Actual and virtual – Relating body to outside environment • Spatial Cognition Development – Children develop ability to use more abstract spatial skills • Parietal lobe and dorsal stream
Background image of page 2
HD 220 Fall 2006 3 Temple, 2006 9 Human Thought and Reasoning • Circuits for Cognition – Objects: How does our brain understand what things are? – Spatial: How does our brain understand spatial relationships? – Attention: How does our brain focus on specific things? – Planning: How does our brain plan ahead? – Imitation: How does our brain imitate and copy behaviors? • Left vs Right – Does side of brain matter? Temple, 2006 10 How Do We FOCUS on Specific Things? • Attention – “The taking of possession by the mind in clear and vivid form of one of what seem several simultaneous objects or trains of thought” • William James (1890) – Difficult to study and even to define – But active area of research for many years • Attention to specific things – Increase neuron activity specific to that activity • Attention in general – May involve specific brain areas and neurotransmitters » Executive attention 11 Attention: How Do We FOCUS on Specific Things?
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/28/2008 for the course HD 220 taught by Professor Anon during the Fall '06 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

Page1 / 14

week_14_thinking_3 - How Do We Think? Human Thought and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online