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Symbols_Formulas - Symbols and formulas to know understand...

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Symbols and formulas to know & understand
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Symbols Mutation rate: µ Recombination rate: r Frequency of an allele: p or q=1-p Phenotypic variance for quantitative trait: V P Genetic variance: V G Additive variance: V A Environmental variance: V E Relative fitness: w Selection coefficient: s (one locus) , S (quantitative trait) Δ : change in a parameter (e.g. p) from one generation to the next
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Symbols (cont’d) Gamete frequencies at 2 loci A & B: g AB , g aB , g Ab , g ab Linkage disequilibrium: D Heritability: h 2 Response to selection on a quantitative trait: R Effective population size: N e Heterozygosity (freq. of heterozygotes): H Proportion of migrant individuals: m Rates of synonymous (d S ) and non- synonymous (d N ) substitutions
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Formulas Calculations of allele frequencies and expected genotype frequencies under H-W model. Calculation of relative fitness, w, and selection coefficient, s. Calculation of D from frequencies of gametes at two loci (g
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