Gas_turbines - Ga 9 77040 “455 Compressor ‘ f‘_“"“——‘l-——-————4 Heat exchangeryu—éw— l I L I M [email protected] “562

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Unformatted text preview: Ga 9 77040 “455 Compressor ‘ f‘_“"“——‘l. -——---————4 Heat exchangeryu—éw— l I L_..__..__ I , M C) @4144 “562?? , I [Q » a}! wififéig’m tfififaffl ) N WAMLE: «WM%fa&h€&fggfiyéffififl§ ‘ nggeg 1‘72 dry-4L 3W4“ 9&6, 1Q. :55.” «53%;;fig xii“??? élwawdm i) 15:35.9 aw: $1444»! $553 F5" @614 Cambamemfi‘fi 9f _ a J , ml w H7 i 1:: {y} a" ‘5‘" L ‘ g m (w 0T aim ys Val: .1) ix ’ M {vhf wavy? ["5 {w F5“ 0““ W ‘53.} 30‘"; MW» («GMM-é 2*; %%“%?$Cflfiqfl ififimhwfwf a {am—cm“. wk 357 ET” #4 \ v‘ ‘ "M l M , Jfflr tiff”; ) {:1 ll 7/“ w Minus mmsmm £ng m 1 if. E’MMW 7 5) (EM W?! M} 521 W W ‘ bWVEWifik I“; a! ‘ :‘Mimmgmj Wig» 'f: (“g :7 \Fmflfi (yd/vii: £34“? CV (7%”??? 3:3. z—mflomfi) 59km 5;) f: C a” Wfioov Y’OWGV’" 5 W (M W) 070 50/0 ka 1% W7” 2“ c / w [+ ’ V a (ngmw 1,: V) m: .flz COGI‘E’V} Way 363 V‘th W “$9; 7, f“, @Ouif‘” .. w ’ wwwwwwww-m »»»» [WM Mk2 W“(F('34»Wun) * Ewe 5I%‘anmcg V a.“ «A: {T OZ :2 I gffif: ‘ m... 2:“ m» # SE T ‘ W ¥WMTVKZCZW %::§ giat/I; memmwm W...“ memmMwmfimflwmww 1m . ()4 g: [M;L:\»éa «— MLWR 2:; ‘fi 5 l ,1} f X 3‘ L f ’2; 9 ,Y’ZJ K7493 Kl Haifa koLuZm 5399M: _. . .. ,._,,‘m._.m.._m,_m m" _..,._. _, Raid. Em‘hmap it g‘gckie _/—w WW‘W_W ,fl‘vu‘“ “x 5]; fl {rump 1'2 k:3‘4 —1 T 10 Compressor pressure ratio Bra +13“ C CLQ 0 0000000 Low-fitnmr—r (%) a ‘Kaueaarrre rewwui \ PROBLEM 01.4.; KMOUJN‘: Mr ewm +047. wmpressor' 04‘— an iidealgBrwg-b“ ufifig Vii-H“ kw“ W‘Lft‘ows. The. Wfixha ;V\\-€'f‘ Rwevamz is Spadfik‘eol. Egubg PM” {‘Or‘Cx gi‘vem range 0? compressor frcsswre. rod-(0:, m) +&¢ wax/MM efiicicuog An) 1442 back wor k rod-L's) «M Le) “Hm. ne+ power AevetopeaL. §cHE£Mflgc g étyéw DMA'. p, V : L V fl fl fl a _— ESSUMthouag See Example. Q.'+ 31:32:}: ANAL‘IfiléI Smmpie— Calwlahws 0~V€ é‘vud _._ Sm'flg , 5 Vera: Ffrs-i', Hue wk 04 Hm. Pruhc‘xpal S’rad'es; use COM “WV “law‘uwx 10 Mite—.4 T. = 300 K; c:lo 21.00512‘m k =(.4oo (GAS) finfifivl‘fig‘? I‘m A" g, \ +10%" C Jw-i M For zhewh‘bpfc compression... 3 1M5, _ r a, :9 T; v 500.5'S‘K ?i{?l=(.8 $ ’71 :S‘Fgr‘lfigK :2. => 7L26z048€< Tm“) s/(g :2; T; 3839.07 K h”??? :; \/g f; "[1? 1772.?6K ‘/12.=? T4 16%.32K (as Tke W@:“::‘ efi‘fttwciiim CE (T4 5T?) 1‘ ,___ if 'I’ m Wm. " a? (pm “3 “‘72 Lb} Tka back wovk rad—Co .is ‘ fl bwv -: “V'M‘ ;: PM TZ‘FT :: Tl T; ' h “H C? «74) 7:5 M 14* 3,. (3:) “fine. hek tamer develogui LS r _... w cydez?t;ni(,\A-5 Amp) .. Luz-Mfl == (Ag-an Cr» E72. :4)”(12"T‘fl "The. results are bummmiuek {m Mm flouow‘MQ +able: ‘bwr ‘vliwi (kW) 6:39 ‘. M = 5.807 L515 If” ‘ .uEfiB mam Egofiomo—UEQEE 2: so muE=£mB>oE mo mwuvbm 25 95mg“. § “3 % Diffuser Gas generator Nozzle (a) 3 (l1) Fig-are 9‘29 Turbcjet angina schematic and accomganying ideal Tws diagr 2E0: 23333 // ‘ /////////////,7/4,/4 .3533“? ES» 05an 8.853 m «o www.50an .Nd P.wa 552% 23 “can .mEsfimuE 53:5 ,J n I I I I I I I. .1 I a I i\\\\\\\\\\\\\‘ I \I l‘ .822 “Egg man >mam-_m:m EwmanoO ‘ 9.35» M83558 PropeHer !‘ v. ‘. .Q ‘0‘. ’0'. . ... O O .0 iv. .0 ~O *0 O o 9 0‘. o . .O ‘u 0 Vi‘ .0 b ‘0 .u. -v 0.3 o ‘ O A. o o . 2,. odofi‘ ’c v.v . 0 Q O ’0 C .v Q ,0 0 o 0‘. .0 Ao‘o‘ v § 9% “o a b? 9 2".“ Fiame hoider I I (c) Figure 9.22 Other examples of aircraft engines. (a) Turbopmp. (E7) Turbafan. (c) Ramjet. 222% Hwy “:5 .hwvwmgccauuH momma.» E \mmmfimauv £30me .533 moflmm 8.4m 9% 2me 2i .2: B we? “mmuawmu “23$qu WEB .mfimam mfioabgioofl m \EEEBESAW m we. 32> mcwomm wwfi 3ng M Hf: ' 400K1~27r lg .. p. A w . ‘ ' ¢r‘hc-EPM shfig ‘ "V79 C5 CF “('10) U Mg. I“: 220:: , Pa = 22 k?“ . % than?) .EITK 35124 n e ‘3'" ' i “kg dzégk L I _ 45‘3" m'wzs; o = h ZCP 2: .g... £591mzri> 3 2» mmumb “‘3?” Li'- .W; ' )N 509‘ Th“: ‘41s .3 . LWZ F» :‘sen‘bmputm (“3 6% (TR Nah/1e 3 "’5 H ‘°3~-~/ 2%“ I ‘ “I 7' :3; W WWW‘WW’» 7% ? WCVa/Pz)k721&:m}{&4gfl/éza)e,~i 553 :3€,Ok& ’ x ‘ L -l ——->’T‘; '2. T‘ 1-“, Vfiffifiqffw (Zég’q‘gc‘afigfi =4?er ” ‘ :Z‘W,‘H<+ 4-78, ~, .. Wk: P1 ‘ZP: ~ 420%. 7 ( 0 WWW“ 5730K «w... $13 4400 K PROBLEM 9-23: own: A WboPmp cwgmhe. ls mdafid any“. ak-fiamrés basis. ’Da.+¢L are known od- er'wus leccdnons . « 5mg: Dzlrumrme. (a) Hat. ower detivareA 4:0 Hm. 0 Her, mm W winch-3 0.4" no zzle. EXIT. 6". Pa SCHEMHIC. é EVEN pm. assguenogs: Same as in Emwpla m2] excepé NC a Kt € 6.8.5. Use mush S’pfiC-h’tZC—Eg/L K . . . : C : . fiMALMSI { FMS?! 41w eagk of «Hm. principal siafes, of E38066 gzifgg‘b. ‘6? 5% Ta “$190K, pa=%kPmu 54.9%, g A,” wares; balaice. {cs-44¢ dfiuser sire-s; C} =(Afivéz‘ ~31. . Tim; ,._..——-, 1)“ ,. '. 601W“? | Amy; T; la+~g$ - :0K+ Wf‘oaNMI ZS"?le {9! 7" (faker! ./Ta.4 “'3 1 SDR'Nzl’a, Cfia‘mre Sax/dwame ‘ , é—«I Sjatefi. Fm" am fievx'i‘v‘fi‘fii wpwcsivnlfisauKWQIffi}? :3 Wfir‘i 3 ifivggfixe cowvegorafgfikienflfl)72: TH, "’23? :11 :2: 4.893% gmfiz‘} Fm» W4 a‘sewmfa MWM/LQW)T§$ ‘Tz [CM/{b29721 :: (“933% m, wmm aéfizim) 1:, =7; RIMES ~72) : 7 :3,va was WWW wowze) 7;. :7; @y/Mfii -.-—. mm (fit) The. power detCuev-ecifim ?r0foMer is «Fe. Wm -. «n [oxfmpmfm 2mm Jim-(33m where, W} ; CAV‘kL. Po. : (93.?m3/2fl4wflulm’) :. +849 K9 m wt». m4 mg» )(2‘40K) 51 V ' v mw l,_ ‘ _ 5) WP " (4’35 5?) (L‘4L%\[€‘H° "7135)‘(4’88'g‘fi'5flfl “£01613 ”" m ‘7 MW flew OD) Fm emerch humans; +07% horde fables T3 = 1400 K 3 [)3 =15: 1200 kPa nI : 88% 0C=84% Wgnsz WI w We T; = 300 K I 11),:I()()k-’a Exhaust «- Q2MMK 5 J: J=HMRR1 [5 l4 2‘ 73=mm%: 7 {)7 = 8 MP3 Heat exchanger 6 I Vapor cyclc ,g-{ffébn'danggr ) 0m Pump 9 I); = 73 kPa “I” :3 8000 V. C 0 M50 1? wed C‘jde; \ W fi CR~ 5 "3,1 ’%03, mm JV“H¢“I‘--L. ",VV? “E; 'h F g; 4 *Vi, ‘gkufi é fl 8‘ ” ’ K n wmdéimm; 3363333 ’é‘ufiaéne éGross power output (MW) gGmss efficiency {Va} ‘3 gGmss heat rate (kjlkWh) 3 ~ 9694 3 9919 Gross heatr‘te BtulkWn pressureRaZG( ) 1:12 130 13.9 f 11.3 285 L i , g 34.7 38.5 ‘ 35.2 35.2 2 i i 1G382 \ 9351 10227 10455 g 9840 3 8883 .LWWLM. fl, ‘ » § 3 i 3 1 } §Length X Width X height (m) AEOX4K4' ’ “ESX‘EEXE TZX‘SXT 14X? 3X8 '3 1X4X5 gweigmg ‘ _, ‘ ‘ ,m WWW“ WW. W; W. 'M .295. m §Ecomopac F} g 3 g gNet powergmpuf(m‘w) g “.3 184 ‘ 118 26g 5 185 354.5 ’ 6595 Ewart efficiency {2%) :1 {1.8, 3; 36.9 34.3 38.2 34.5 34,2 34.3 Nemeamiewmwm ..; ma. 9743 -? 19497 g 9424 é 15436 10526 3 W498 i Net heat rate (Btujkwm f [1.3. 9235 @959 V 3932 989a 9977 I 9943 Exhausnempemtwe £594/1101§594/1101' 532/989 584l€883 582/1080 samaog 588/1090 (GC{6F} r 563cm) I ‘ g l ‘ ‘ : w z A 4 Exhaustmags WWW/S) 12W ) 1008 g 846 I 142a 3 1105 “1122 g 41 Exhaust mass flow (LB/s) HIS g NC MG WC 5 NC ; NC : NC A ,, L A; . Combifigfi Cygfie f Singie iii-1 mum“? mum? gingie E Singie 1 i , Net power Output (MW) 3 355 274 172 :1} 390 29 - Net efficiency 2 58.6 555?; Net heat rate “(J/kWh) I @234 {348% 7'? “574a 6283 ' 53522 Net mammawmwm ‘ @380 Law a fig"??? "5:255 5W gambgned Cycgg 2+1 mulié 32+”! muff?! 2+1 mum??? mum?“ mum, Net New ut MW ; 7’33 - 550 :g 348 * we 1 585 g ' Net gmcgénfiuhf 3 1 53C? 551.8 55.4 ‘ 57.3 55.0 g 53.7 i 52.8 Net baa: ram (ngka 5204 i 6457 “F143 5283 7 6545 i $983 E3373 Nehe 8th . ,. 62M 3 1 W {3*} inchreswrelasses (*‘jGT anfiwlé‘sfl} ' Gamma? Type:- Ne’é pawer gammy? MW} WC = Hydrogen~cmied 1M mum S H1 mufii~shafi NC 2 Air~ceoied Sifigie : Single Shaft 2+1 mum =2 2+1 mufii-ahafi S‘ygmm taking Shape m: :1 ‘m— «mktht‘ough in energy 6f"— ficiency may take place, when {1116 first Gcneral Electric: Power Sys» tems H turbine system begins operm Ming. Tim M turbine is; designed to be 60 percent thcm'nzd‘iy afficient, long considered {116 {Gunmimute “1152”. mile of power gencmtion. The Wulsh i1‘1.st:1].1ati()n will save as a springboard for two other installa~ dons, planned for New York State and Twin/(x so that the. tccimology Wm span {bras continents. Thc «l-BO—megawatt H system in Wales is designed to be the f. t' gas turbine combinerd—cycle system in 17h re world to achieve 6” percent than 111111 cffitdcncy‘ Ar Ch? $211116 Emmi-5 it Wm produce Fewer cn'lisgim'zs thzm conventional C(flllbififid—{ydfi plants. (3 provided by Cf‘fi" Th c m min zldvn n t Cicmty is; catwmcmmg bcmusc fixc‘] re} ~ resem's the largest single expense in mimng :1 fossilw-fuelec’i power pkzut. A 5*ng [tumxtmntzlge point ofcf‘ficien» cy gained can reduce Operating costs by M "5 millimn m 5%?“ n'iiiiic‘m ova-Er the: HR: 0fo typical, gals—firm}! comm bincdwcydc plant raj,ch at WU to 500 M W; according to an original equip— mam, 1'1'11111111‘21Ltt111' ' quoted in Cm: 'lfirr‘bim l/l-"bridk 23000» h Cle 'l,’owm‘ Systems‘ most advanced (NH hunxfl‘mmlé. L Thi‘: Qanm’i Emma? Km ‘ A technician at TE Aircraf? Enginds teat fan“? mmbma i KX/QEQE £13 malaiug; 2:; bid {03” 21 HEW (w [a 3,. wk} ing of GE's H turbine techmiogy tu vafida‘cs the Eechnniugy‘s; high eificiea’ucy and refiabihfy. \xm'uaxnzmn N 1' VNV’ 1‘ l! mu: ADHII 6; NW“; in (:mmnnati mnducts sieam—snoied nnzzle cascade tesi» '\ E I 3 ; 5 ; L i ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2008 for the course ENGRD 2210 taught by Professor Torrance during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Gas_turbines - Ga 9 77040 “455 Compressor ‘ f‘_“"“——‘l-——-————4 Heat exchangeryu—éw— l I L I M [email protected] “562

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