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IHP 501 Global Health and DiversityFinal Project Two Milestone TwoSouthern New Hampshire UniversityJessica Dannelley
As time progresses so does the field of technology and as technology uses grow, healthcare is going to continue to grow and advance as well. The first hospital “was founded by Ben Franklin in 1751, the American Medical Association (AMA) was founded in 1847, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was founded in 1906, the Social Security Act (SSA) was passed in 1935, the Communicable Disease Center (CDC) was established in 1946, and Medicare and Medicaid programs were enacted as part of Social Security in 1965” (Green & Bowie, 2016).The first professional organization for informatics was formed in 1949 by Gustav Wagner. The foundation of knowledge and work that lead to informatics in the healthcare system within Europe and then eventually the rest of the world followed suit thanks to Mr. Wagner. Following in Mr. Wagner's footsteps was Robert Ledley, who was the founding member of health informatics in America. “The integration of medical technology stems from Mr. Ledley's research in dentistry with the National Bureau of Standards” (Kramer, 2012).In 1975 Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded Microsoft bringing faster computer systems into the picture which allows uses to retrieve and send information at a quicker pace. This was the opening of an important door for hospitals and such because faster computers meant better programs being available as well as better patient services. Fast forward to 1996 when The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was passed by Congress and is currently overseen by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. “It mandates administrative simplification regulations that govern privacy, security, and electronic transactions standards for health care information” (Green & Bowie, 2016).Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act - PurposeThe main purpose of this act was “to assist workers with maintaining their insurance coverage to combat fraud, wastes, and abuse in the healthcare system” (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, 2016). Since technology has continued to grow, electronic activity has also grown within the
health care industry meaning there was an increased potential for unauthorized and inappropriate access, use, and disclosure of personal health information. In so much, under HIPAA, covered entities such as providers who transmit health information, health plans, and health care clearing houses are all required to comply with certain regulations. An organization, such as a hospital or clinic, must meet certain objectives in order to prove it is using its certified electronic health record (EHR) technology to improve quality, engage patients, maintain privacy and security of private health information, and improve care management, all in orderto to meet meaningful use requirements.