SOCL Study Guide pt2 - Ch 4 Structure Groups and...

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Ch. 4: Structure, Groups, and Organizations Social Structure (Statuses, roles, groups, organ., instit.) EX: female gets married, quits work, housewife. Statuses/Roles (also norms): Keys for micro/macro link between individuals & society Social Status : ascribed v. achieved, status set/master status - Status Set : group of your statuses - Master Status : One major status EX: African American Social Role - Role Strain (Single role) Conflict within yourself. EX: Single Mom-mom & dad - Role Conflict (Multiple Roles): Expected behavior by status EX: Drinking friends v. Parents - Role Ambiguity : Not clearly stated how to behave Role Perception/Role Performance: Expect. V. Reality - Role Perception : informal role; Expectation - Role Performance : how well duties of role are carried out; Reality 5 Types of Social Interactions Exchange: giving & receiving (most common) Cooperation: work together to meet goal Competition: ACT Scores, example Conflict: 1 person wants the control Coercion: result of power; intimidation Groups Statistical: 4 person family Categorical: share characteristic; Redhead Aggregate: Collect. Of peeps in one place; bus Associational: EX: AMB; form for common goal Social: Sense of belonging in group “Classification” or “Typology” Social Group (focus of Soc.): Interaction, belongingness, interest, and organization Primary v. Secondary Groups Primary: Intimate. EX: Family Secondary: Organized for particular reason; you get to know people in secondary groups who become primary. Few emotional ties. In v. Out group: Political play (“I am a American”) Us v. Them Peer groups (share status) , Peer pressure Reference group (everybody): People you try to follow. (Groups we identify w) EX: Wanting a iPhone Relative Deprivation: Lacking when compared to others. Social Conformity Conform to other people. EX: Which line is longer? Everyone says A line is longer to follow the group (social conformity & social pressure) Social Need : Need to fit in with others Ex. Elevator Small & Large groups (Dyad/triad) Small group: Allows you to look at people more carefully Princip. Of Least Interest for dyad only works with 2 person relationship. Theory of Transitivity for triad EX: US has + relationship with China & Japan. But China has negative relationship with Japan. Group Size & Its effect -Division of Labor -Structure: A leader; each person has role -Cohesion : Working well w/others -Interaction Instrumental v. Expressive Leaders (Male v. female) EX: Kamo’s son taking charge of group/Joker trying to have fun (Div. of Labor) Instrumental: Task Oriented Expressive: More of psychological leader, appeal of emotions; fun; create harmony 3 Types of Instrumental Leaders -Authoritarian: Nick Saban; stern leader -Democratic: Les Miles; very nice leader -Laissez Faire: Rare leadership, b/c everyone
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