Assignment #2 - CPHL 214-Weekly Assignment 2 Standardizing...

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CPHL 214-Weekly Assignment 2. Standardizing Arguments Examine the following passages to determine whether they contain arguments. For those passages that do contain arguments, rewrite them in standardized form, numbering premises and conclusion(s). Note any subarguments and indicate the main argument and the main conclusion. Note: Some of the following passages do not contain arguments and therefore do not contain premises or conclusions. If you think that a passage does not contain an argument, explain briefly why it does not. Part I 1. “Everyone knows what the United States will be up to this year: Electing a new president. But what will Europe be up to? Here are three things Europe should focus on in 2008: jobs, Muslims, neighbours.” (Timothy Garton Ash, “Europeans have forgotten what it takes to be great,” Globe and Mail, January 10, 2008) - This passage does not contain an argument. It beings with a comment about everyone knowing the US will be having an election and then talks about the 3 things that Europe should focus on. The author does not give reasons for why Europe should focus on those things. 2. Either the butler committed the murder or the judge committed the murder. Since the butler was passionately in love with the victim, it was not he who committed the murder. Therefore, the judge committed the murder. - This passage contains an argument and a subargument. 1. The butler was passionately in love with the victim. Thus, 2. It was not the butler who committed the murder 3. Either the butler committed the murder or the judge committed the murder. Therefore, 4.The judge committed the murder - The subargument goes from (1) to (2). (2) and (3) – the main argument lead to (4). 3. “No one has a right to use a relatively unreliable procedure in order to decide whether to punish another. Using such a system, he is in no position to know that the other deserves punishment: hence he has no right to punish him.” - This passage contains an argument. It is through standardization:
1. No one who uses an unreliable procedure in order to decide whether to punish another person can know whether the other person deserves punishment or not. 2. No one who cannot know whether the other person deserves punishment or not cannot punish another person Therefore, 3. No one who uses an unreliable procedure or does not know if the other deserves punishment has the right to punish the other person - This passage goes from (1) and (2) lead to (3).

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