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Compromise of 1877In the election of 1876, Hayes vs. Tilden (after end of Grant’s second term), Tilden won the popular vote and only needed one more electoral college vote to become president. Congress created a commission to dispute the votes and they shockingly elected Hayes as president with certain conditions (aka Compromise of 1877). The commission gave all 20 disputed electoral votes to Hayes and he secretly promised to remove all federal troops in the South and thus end Reconstruction.“Jim Crow” lawsBegan in the late 1880s with the segregation of railroad cars in southern statesThe laws were challenged but upheld in the supreme court case Plessy vs Ferguson (1896) when they announced it as “separate but equal”Name derived from on old song-and-dance caricature of African Americans performed by white actors in black makeupLynching also became very popular in the South as this new type of slavery beganPlessy v. Ferguson