study guide page 8 - Pendleton Civil Service Act In 1883 the momentum against the spoils system\/patronage process generated by Garfields assassination

study guide page 8 - Pendleton Civil Service Act In 1883...

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Pendleton Civil Service ActIn 1883, the momentum against the “spoils system”/patronage process generated by Garfield’s assassination enabled George H. Pendleton, a Democratic senator from Ohio, to convince Congress to establish a Civil Service Commission. The new system would now allow federal jobs to be filled based on competitive tests (the “merit system”) rather than political favoritism and federal employees running for office were prohibited from receiving political contributions from other government workers.Election of 1896 (McKinley vs. Bryan)Republican nominated William McKinley who supported the gold standardoNever really left home to campaign, but had an army of 1,400 speakers who traveled the country in his support and had the support of big business and therefore raised more money than Bryan (first election where fundraising becomes important)oWon the popular and electoral college voteoRepublicans won not only the presidency, but also majority of both houses of

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