Overview of the U.S. Congress - Graded - Overview of the U.S Congress Tina M Ellis POL\/115 American National Government Benjamin Bolger 2 Table of

Overview of the U.S. Congress - Graded - Overview of the...

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Overview of the U.S. Congress Tina M. Ellis POL/115 – American National Government June 19, 2017 Benjamin Bolger
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2 Table of Contents Overview of the U.S. Congress ....................................................................................................... 3 U.S. House of Representatives vs. U.S. Senate ............................................................................... 3 U.S. Congress Power ....................................................................................................................... 4 Check and Balances ......................................................................................................................... 4 Speaker of the House and Senate Majority ...................................................................................... 4 How a Bill becomes a Law .............................................................................................................. 5 Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................... 6 References ........................................................................................................................................ 7
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3 Overview of the U.S. Congress The purpose of this essay is to provide an overview of the Congress and address the differences between the House of Representatives and the Senate. This essay will discuss the powers granted to the Congress as well as the checks and balances the Congress has. This essay will explain the leadership roles in each house and provide the steps involved in a bill becoming a law. U.S. House of Representatives vs. U.S. Senate According to Magleby, D., Light, P., and Nemacheck, C. (2015), the difference between the House of Representatives and the Senate is best displayed in the table below: U.S. House of Representatives U.S. Senate 435 Members 100 Members Elections every two (2) years Elections every six (6) years All seats are open for election every two (2) years Only one-third (1/3) of seats are open for election every two (2) years Elected in districts Elected by states as a whole Strong Leadership controls action by individual members Weaker leadership provides more freedom to individual members More powerful committee leaders More equal distribution of power among committee members Decision to consider legislation made by majority; final decisions require a “rule” or ticket to the floor from the House Rules Committee Decision to consider legislation made by unanimous consent of all members; one senator can stop action Responsible for moving first on raising revenues Responsible for giving advice and consent on presidential appointees and treaties All amendments to legislation must be approved for consideration in advance of legislative action Amendments are generally allowed Strict limits on debate Flexible limits on debate approved by unanimous consent Single member or group of members cannot stop debate once the bill is approved for action by the Rules Committee Single member can stop action through the filibuster
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4 U.S. Congress Power The Constitution grants the Congress the power to raise, make and borrow money through taxes, loans, and issuing currency or coin money.
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