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Lecture_04 Hobbes - state of nature outline

Lecture_04 Hobbes - state of nature outline - Econ BC3041...

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Econ. BC3041 Fall 2008 4. Hobbes: State of Nature and Natural Equality 1. Hobbes in many ways marks the origins of modern political economic thought. Expressed in his critique of Aristotle: (e.g.) that men/women are not born fit for society, are not political animals. (C, ch. 1, ¶2; ch. 5, ¶5) Alternative view: individual self-determination through social interactions; no pre-ordained natural order. Premised on fundamental assumption of “natural” equality, autonomy. NOTE: AT LEAST 3 MEANINGS OF EQUALITY IN HOBBES. 2. While Hobbes poses a, if not the, fundamental problem of political-economic theory, his resolution differs sharply from that of Adam Smith. Hobbes denies that free individuals pursuing their self-interest can lead to a “well ordered” society. State of nature is a state of war of all against all. For Hobbes (like Aristotle), Civil Society is a political order. Civil authority determines extent of our freedoms, property, our identities.
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