Speech Vocab Unit 1

Speech Vocab Unit 1 - Chapter 1 Communication the process...

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Chapter 1 Communication – the process of creating or sharing meaning in informal conversation, group interaction, or public speaking Participants – individuals who assume the roles of senders and receivers during an interaction Messages – verbal utterances and nonverbal behaviors to which meaning is attributed during communications Meaning – thoughts in our minds and interpretations of others’ messages Symbols – words, sounds, and actions that are generally understood to represent ideas and feelings Encoding – the process of putting our thoughts and feelings into words and nonverbal cues Decoding – the process of interpreting another’s message Contexts – the settings in which communication occurs, including what precedes and follows what is said Physical context – its location, the environmental conditions (temperature, lighting, noise level), the distance between communicators, seating arrangements, and time of day Social context – the nature of the relationship that exists between the participants Historical context – the background provided by previous communication episodes between the participants that influence understandings in the current encounter Psychological context – the mood and feelings each person brings to the conversation Cultural context – the values, attitudes, beliefs, orientations, and underlying assumptions prevalent among people in a society Channel – both the route traveled by the message and the means of transportation Noise – any stimulus that interferes with the process of sharing meaning Physical noise – sights, sounds, and other stimuli in the environment that draw people’s attention away from intended meaning Internal noise – thoughts and feelings that compete for attention and interfere with the communication process Semantic noise – distractions aroused by certain symbols that take our attention away from the main message Feedback – reactions and responses to messages Interpersonal communication settings – interactions among a small number of people who have relationships with each other Problem-solving group settings – participants come together for the specific purpose of solving a problem or arriving at a decision Public speaking settings – one participant, the speaker, delivers a prepared message to a group or audience who has assembled to hear the speaker Electronically mediated communication settings – involves participants who do not share a physical context but communicate through the use of technology E-mail – electronic correspondence conducted between two or more users on a network where the communication does not occur in real time Instant messaging – communication through maintaining a list of people that you can interact with in real time when they are online Text messaging – short, written messages between mobile phones and other handheld electronic devices, exchanged in real time or stored for later retrieval
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Speech Vocab Unit 1 - Chapter 1 Communication the process...

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