CMS 344K 9-16-08 - CMS 344K Lying and Deception Tuesday I...

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CMS 344K Lying and Deception Tuesday 9-16-08 I. Non-human lying and deception a. Ex: i. Blue Jays and butterflies: butterflies that look most like the toxic ones will be the survivors. b. Molecular level – viruses i. Mimicry, camouflage, illusion (they use all kinds of tricks to escape), but some survive and are considered to be inactive and sometimes they can reappear. c. Plants can be deceptive too i. There is a Bee orchid and feels/smells like a bee. It is so confusing that male bees try to mate with it and pollen sacks are carried from one plant to the other. ii. Also, there are passion flowers that do not smell very good, but the key to their survival is that the inside of the flower looks a lot like butterfly eggs. Butterfly’s lay eggs in flowers and so the flower already looks full to them, etc. d. Typology of non-human deceptive strategies: i. Purpose of deception: offensive/defensive (preying on other animals/keeping other species from attacking you) ii. Effects on target: evasive/pervasive (/they think you are one thing when you are actually doing something else – confuse them; making them believe one thing when something else is really going on) iii. Means of deception: morphological/behavioral 1. Example: a. Malaysian Mantid (kind of like a preying mantis) and Pink Orchids – the mantid uses deception in an offensive way and is evasive to the target because it thinks it is part of the plant. The means of deception is that it is
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CMS 344K 9-16-08 - CMS 344K Lying and Deception Tuesday I...

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