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FINAL STUDY GUIDE

FINAL STUDY GUIDE - AMST 101 FINAL STUDY GUIDE Rodriguez...

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AMST 101 FINAL STUDY GUIDE Rodriguez and Cordero-Guzman, Lipsitz, Saito: construction of race and whiteness Race: explain differences race View of race as a biological category: o Biology: physical differences indicators characteristics determines IQ, morals, work, etc. View of race as a social construction: Social Construction of racial categories: How these racial categories have social, political, and economic consequences: o Cultural: Liberal Individualism Lack of ‘motivation’, ‘willpower’ etc Labels affirmative action as reserve discrimination o Political: Disenfranchisement of non-white groups Political coalitions which exploits ‘whiteness’ to join otherwise opposing groups Andrew Jackson’s ‘common man’ campaign Ethnicity diverse European immigrants-imaginary community of ‘whiteness’ Legitimized slavery Abstract liberalism: justifies abolition of affirmative action and other necessary social welfare programs o Economic : FHA – channeling funds away from inner-city neighborhoods into white, segregated suburbs Urban Renewal Destroyed ethnicity specific European American inner-city Neighborhoods to create new ‘white’ identity Ethnic differences among white less important than racial differences 90%of low-income units were never replaced Whites have broader housing options; therefore, they pay 15% less than blacks for similar homes in similar neighborhoods. Highway construction Destroyed minority communities = decreased political power Neo-Conservatism Tax reforms made minorities shoulder the burden to give tax breaks to the wealthy Anti-governmental spending on education, health, etc. Whiteness:
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Gordon: Assimilation Assimilation: the process whereby a minority groups gradually adopts the customs and attitudes of the prevailing culture; how do immigrants in the following generations adapt to life in the USA. Core Group: o In US sets the standards in terms of values in the US o People: Native-born white protestants Cultural Assimilation: o Core-group standards o Immigrants came to LA & learn & adapt to values/language, religion etc. core groups (religion & language go on for generations) o Adaptation of legal values (lawful, wrong etc) Happens by 3 rd generation Structural Assimilation: o Entrance into/integration to major organizations or institutions of our society Economic ----------> integration into US society Social ---------------> (So everyone’s equal)
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