140-abortion-1 - Phil-140 Fall 2007 TA: Xiao Wei Office...

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Phil-140    Fall 2007 TA: Xiao Wei   Office Hours:  T 12-1, F 11-12, and by appointment Email: [email protected] The personhood Account against abortion: 1.  If X is a person, then it is wrong to kill X 2. A fetus is a person. So, it is wrong to kill a fetus.  Abortion is morally wrong. Marquis argues for a strong pro-life position  without  appeal to the notion of personhood. Marquis’ pro-life argument: 1. If X has a future of value like ours, then it’s wrong to kill X 2. Fetuses have a future of value. So, it is wrong to kill fetuses What is Marquis’ argument for premise 1? Marquis' argument is straight-forward. Abortion is seriously morally wrong. Why? Because abortion involves  killing. But, what is wrong with killing. Killing robs a being of a natural property which is of great, if not the  greatest, value. What is this natural property of which a being is robbed? It is the property of having a future, a  "future-just-like-ours." To be killed "deprives one of all the experiences, activities, projects, and enjoyments that  would otherwise have constituted one's future. Therefore, killing someone is wrong, primarily because the  killing inflicts (one of) the greatest possible losses on the victim. Paske’s objection:  P1 is not true.  Having a future of value is 
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2008 for the course PHIL 140g taught by Professor Kwon during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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140-abortion-1 - Phil-140 Fall 2007 TA: Xiao Wei Office...

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