140-killing_animals - Phil-140 Fall 2007 TA: Xiao Wei...

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Phil-140    Fall 2007 TA: Xiao Wei   Office Hours:  T 12-1, F 11-12, and by appointment Email: [email protected] Killing Animals Intrinsic value vs. instrumental value : Intrinsic value: the value a thing has in itself independently of anything else. Instrumental value: the value a thing has when it is useful for getting something  also of value. Direct rights vs. indirect rights A direct right that a particular thing S not to be treated in a certain way is  possessed by S because S has an intrinsic value. An indirect right that S not to be treated in a certain way is possessed by S  because some other thing Q has an intrinsic value. The indirect view on killing of animals: (*)Animals have at most indirect rights.  Human beings have direct rights. So, there’s a violation of a creature’s right when you kill an animal only if some  person’s rights are thereby violated. Why is (*) true? The answer has to satisfy three things: A)  Indentify some features that human beings have and animals lack. B) Show the feature is morally relevant. C) No circles: must be reason to think animals lack the feature and humans  have it other than that humans have direct rights and animals don’t.   1. No pain argument  (1) People feel pain and animals don't. (2) A thing has a direct right (not to be put into pain or not to be put to suffer) 
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2008 for the course PHIL 140g taught by Professor Kwon during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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140-killing_animals - Phil-140 Fall 2007 TA: Xiao Wei...

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