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Running head: IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT IN ADOLESCENTSThe Case of Talia and the Struggle for Identity Development in AdolescentsTora Brown Kaplan University
IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT IN ADOLESCENTS2The Case of Talia and the Struggle for Identity Development in AdolescentsAdolescence marks a period of transition in a teenager’s life. For most, adolescence isthe bridge between childhood and adulthood. It is during this time, that a teenager should beable to cultivate the lessons of childhood and transition into a functional adult. Unfortunately,this is not always the case. There are many reasons in which a teenager would have difficultypsychologically and emotionally crossing into the realm of adulthood. As is the case of Talia.Talia is a teenager who is nearing the end of adolescence but feels ill equipped to venture intoadulthood. James Marcia’s theory of identity achievement helps to explain the struggles thatTalia is experiencing. In addition, further exploration into race and culture provide somesolutions which may assist Talia in improving her self-esteem.James Marcia is a psychologist who further elaborated on Erik H. Erikson’s stages ofpsychosocial development (Feldman, 2014). According to Marcia, identity can be seen in thepresence or absence of crisis and commitment (Feldman, 2014). He further refined this conceptby developing four categories of adolescent identity: Identity Achievement, IdentityForeclosure, Moratorium, and Identity Diffusion (Feldman, 2014). Of the four stages, the mostpertinent to Talia is the stage of Moratorium. According to the text, this category is “the status