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Home   >  Catholic Encyclopedia   >  I   > St. Isidore of Seville St. Isidore of Seville Born at  Cartagena, Spain , about 560; died 4 April, 636. Isidore was the son of   Severianus   and   Theodora. His elder brother  Leander   was his  immediate   predecessor   in theMetropolitan See of Seville ; whilst a younger brother  St.  Fulgentius   presided over the   Bishopric   of   Astigi. His sisterFlorentina   was a  nun , and is said to  have ruled over forty  convents   and one thousand   religious. Isidore received his elementary  education   in the  Cathedral  school   of   Seville. In this institution,  which was the first of its kind in  Spain , the  trivium and quadrivium   were taught by a body of  learned   men, among whom was the  archbishop ,Leander . With such diligence did he apply  himself to study that in a   remarkably   short  time   mastered   Latin,   Greek, andHebrew.  Whether   Isidore   ever embraced  monastic life   or not is still an open question, but though he  himself may never have been   affiliated   with any of the  religious   orders, he esteemed them  highly. On his   elevation   to theepiscopate   he immediately constituted himself protector of  the  monks . In 619 he pronounced  anathema   against anyecclesiastic   who should in any way  molest the  monasteries . On the death of  Leander ,   Isidore   succeeded to the  See of Seville . His long   incumbency   to this  office was spent in a period of disintegration and transition. The   ancient   institutions  and   classic   learning of the   Roman   Empire   were   fastdisappearing. In  Spain   new   civilization   was beginning to   evolve   itself from the blending  racial   elements that made up  its population. For almost two centuries the  Goths   had been in full control of  Spain , and their  barbarous manners andcontempt   of learning threatened greatly to put back her progress  in   civilization.   Realizing   that the   spiritual   as well as the material   well-being   of the nation  depended on the full  assimilation   of the foreign elements,   St. Isidore   set himself to the task  of   welding   into a homogeneous nation the various peoples who made up the   Hispano- Gothic   kingdom. To this end he availed himself of all the resources of   religion   and  education His efforts were attended with complete success.  Arianism , which had taken deep root among  the  Visigoths , was eradicated, and the new  heresy   of  Acephales was completely stifled at the  very outset;   religious  discipline   was everywhere strengthened. Like  Leander , he took a most  prominent part in the
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2008 for the course CLCV 120 taught by Professor Solomon during the Fall '07 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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CLCV Websearch #1-1 - Home > Catholic Encyclopedia > I > St...

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