STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 1 MATERIAL
1. Define and explain the relationship between:
Cells, Organs, Organ systems, Tissues
Cells combine to make tissues which combine to make organs that work together to make
2. What are the four broad categories of cell/tissue type?
Epithelial, muscle, nerve, and connective
Give 5 examples of body functions performed by muscle cells.
Facial expression, heart pumping, surround tubes of body for contracting, muscles for
Explain two different uses of the word “tissue”.
Tissue is formally described as an aggregate of a single type of specialized cell but it is
also commonly used to denote the general cellular fabric of any organ or structure. Ex.
Lung tissue actually contains four classes of tissue.
With regard to organ function, what is a “functional unit?”
The smallest part that can perform the function of the organ
List the 10 organ systems that make up the human body.
Circulatory, digestive, endocrine, immune, integumentary (skin), lymphatic,
musculoskeletal, nervous, reproductive, respiratory, urinary
Contrast the composition of the interstitial fluid and blood plasma?
Virtually the same except plasma has a higher protein concentration.
What separates intracellular fluid from extracellular fluid?
Label the 5 body fluid compartments represented by the arrows below:
Rank the compartments in the diagram above in descending order of their typical
volumes in the human body.
ICF (28), ECF (14), Interstitial (11), Plasma (3), Blood Cells (2).
Write a formal definition of the word “Homeostasis,” and give an example that
demonstrates what it means.
State of dynamic constancy. Ex. Maintaining constant body temperature.