Sociology Chapter 3

Sociology Chapter 3 - Sociology Chapter 3 Impression...

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Sociology Chapter 3 Impression management Term Erving Goffman applied to the process whereby we present ourselves to others in ways that will lead them to view us in a favorable light Generalized other The term George Herbert Mead applied to the social unit that gives individuals their unity of self The attitude of generalized other is that attitude of the larger community Self conception Overriding view of ourselves A sense of self through time Self esteem Belief that one is a good and valuable person Theories of Socialization 1. Two macrolevel theorical perspectives a. View socialization as a process that has important consequences for society b. Functionalism i. Society wouldn’t be possible if people didn’t internalize the values, norms and beliefs that ensure that they can and will occupy the statuses and play the roles that make up social structures c. Conflict i. Recognize that socialization prepares people to play various roles in society, but they view socialization critically, emphasizing the ways socialization controls people and ensures that social inequities will be reproduced from one generation to the next 2. 3 microlevel theories a. Social learning theory i. Socialized by positive and negative inforcement by our parents and others ii. We observe and imitate socialized behavior around us
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1. Two processes a. Conditioning i. Form of learning in which the consequences of behavior determine the probability of its future occurrence ii. Consequences of behavior that increase the chance that a behavior will occur are reinforcements 1. Consequences that reduce that probability are punishments iii. Occurs when a persons behavior is shaped by the reinforcing and punishing activities of other people and groups b. Through observation i. People may learn both a certain mode of behavior and that the behavior may elicit certain rewards or punishments
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Sociology Chapter 3 - Sociology Chapter 3 Impression...

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