Sociology chapter 2

Sociology chapter 2 - Sociology chapter 2 Social structure...

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Unformatted text preview: Sociology chapter 2 Social structure The interweaving of peoples interactions and relationships in more or less recurrent and stable patterns Role conflict Situation in which individuals are confronted with conflicting expectations stemming from their simultaneous occupancy of two or more statuses Role strain Situation in which individuals find the expectations of a single role incompatible, so that they have difficulty performing the role Culture Social heritage of a people; those learned patterns for thinking, feeling, and acting that are t ransmit ted from one generation to the next, including the embodiment of these patterns in material i tems Norms Social rules that specify appropriate and inappropriate behavior in given situations Folkways Norms people do not deem to be of great importance and to which they exact less stringent conformity Group Two or more people who share a feeling of unity and who are bound together in relatively stable patterns of social interaction Mores Norms to which people attach a good deal of importance and exact strict conformity Laws Rules that are enforced by a special political organization composed of individuals who enjoy the r ight to use force Ethnocentrism Tendency to judge behavior of other groups by the standards of one's own culture Status Position within a group or society Location in a social structure Ascribed status Status assigned to an individual by a group or society Achieved status Status that individuals secure on the basis of choice and competition Master status Key or core status that carries primary weight in a person's interactions and relationships with others Linguistic relativity Hypothesis Aka "Whorfan Hypothesis" Proposed by Edward Sapir People conceptualize the world differently depending on the native concepts available in their language Haters say Disagree that language determines thought ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2008 for the course SOC 1004 taught by Professor Mdhughes during the Fall '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Sociology chapter 2 - Sociology chapter 2 Social structure...

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