sociology chapter 1

sociology chapter 1 - Sociology Chapter One Sociology...

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Sociology Chapter One Sociology Scientific study of social interaction and social organization Sociological imagination Ability to see our private experiences and personal difficulties as entwined with the structural arrangements of our society and the historical times in which we live Social facts Aspects of social life that cannot be explained in terms of the biological or mental characteristics of the individual People experience the social fact as external to themselves in the sense that it has an independent reality and forms a part of their objective environment Variable Concept that can take on different values Hypothesis Proposition that can be tested to determine its validity Educated guess Correlation Change in one variable associated with a change in another variable Independent variable Variable that causes an effect in an experimental setting Dependent variable Variable that is affected in an experimental setting Spurious correlation Apparent relationship between two variables produced by a third variable that influences the original variable Experiment
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Technique in which researchers work two groups that are identical in all relevant respects They introduce a change in one group, but not in the other group The procedure permits researchers to test the effects of an independent variable on a dependent variable
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sociology chapter 1 - Sociology Chapter One Sociology...

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