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Comp Poly Notes - What makes a Democracy(Based on trust...

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What makes a Democracy? (Based on trust) Transitioning and Democratizations DEMOCRATIZATION: Process of transitioning from authoritarian rule to... DEMOCRACY Small Definition: - Competitive multiparty system - Free and noncorrupt elections. - Legal framework of civil and human rights. - Universal and equal right to vote. Large or Substantiave Definition: - Equal and efective input into making binding collective decisions. - Individuals free and equal in determining the conditions of their lives. - Have equal rights and equal obligations. - Rights of others cannot be negated. - High degrees of accountability and limited political power. PROBLEM : How do we measure a society as democratic? Robert Dahl : Minimum Requirements (8 Institutional Guarantees) Additionally, a constitution guaranteeing fundamental rights and protection of minorities. Structuralist Explanation : Positive relationship between economic development and democracy. - Related but not necessarily direct cause. Seymore Lipset - Democratization was the final stage in the proces of social change caused by modernization. - Modernization creates new social, economic, technological and political conditions that primitive political systems cannot manage. - Conditions create a civil society that stands apart from state. STRUCTURAL - Modernization? - Deterministic - Structures determine choices by limiting them. - Limited because assumes non-democratic political systems can't deal with social, economic and technological change? - Singapore : Does these things and stays authoritarian because it is small. - S. Korea : How did capitalist development lead to democracy? - Capitalists are NOT democratic. - Dominant politically due to economic strength. - Not keen on power sharing - power is MONEY. - Democracy gives power to subordinate class. - Use power to redistribute wealth of capitalists. - Social inequality threatened by democracy. - Gives excluded groups the power to struggle for political power and participate in the political process. - Struggle for democracy conditioned by broad structural changes that in turn change the balance of power in society. - Democracy strengthens working - subordinate classes while weakening large land owner/capitalist classes. - Capitalism doesn't want democracy: But they bring everyone into the cities to work, so it is created.
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Democracy emerges due to political change : - Almost always started by urban working class. - Urban working class is the direct result of capitalist development. - Most pro-democratic force. Contradiction of Capitalism - Not about empowerment of people. - Capitalism needs workers to produce more products (critical) - Entices rural workers to urban areas. - Working class is the foundation for democratic transition. - Middle class and petty bourgeois join because they are too weak by themselves.
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