ob abbey's final_Review_Sheet

ob abbey's final_Review_Sheet - Final Exam Review Sheet...

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Final Exam Review Sheet Instructions : Listed below are 7 potential essay questions. Two of these questions will appear on the exam and you may choose to answer one. You are not responsible for articles that do not appear on this study sheet. Please note that your TA does not know which questions will appear on the exam. Essay Question #1 Many people who research diversity in organizations refer to it as a “double-edged sword” because it can potentially have both positive and negative effects on a variety of performance outcomes. Please explain why diversity is a “double-edged” sword by describing both the advantages and disadvantages of having a diverse organization. Your answer should include 2 advantages associated with diversity and 3 disadvantages associated with diversity. For each advantage and disadvantage you list, please also explain why diversity has this effect. For instance, it is not enough to say that diversity causes social divisions without explaining why . Drawn from: Mannix, E.A. & Neale, M.A. (2005). What differences make a difference? The promise and reality of diverse teams in organizations. Psychological Science in the Public Interest , vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 31-55. The question asks what are some advantages and disadvantages of diversity (2+ and 3-). Here they are. Some of the underlying reasons for the disadvantages overlap, but according to Goncalo, that’s fine. In reality all disadvantages are caused by cohort effects. Negative: Social Divisions Dissimilar groups less likely to be attracted to one another Individuals strive toward homophily in their networks Similar-Attraction theory = people will avoid communicating with dissimilar people People find similar people to be more intelligent, knowledgeable, etc Increased Turnover Similar people will form groups upon entry to organization At time of entry, people who were dissimilar were less likely to communicate, The most dissimilar are the most likely to leave People who are dissimilar are less likely to communicate resulting in Homogeneous subgroups within larger group are formed Positive: Opportunities for knowledge sharing People bring different knowledge and abilities to group Different approaches to same problem Differences allow ability to examine the problem more thoroughly
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Better problem solving Cognitive conflict leads to more ideas More creative solutions, novel insights, divergent viewpoints More information exchanged Essay Question #2 Demographic trends over the last twenty years strongly suggest that the modern workplace is becoming increasingly diverse over time. Many organizations are encountering difficulties with this transition because they do not know how to manage diversity so that they can capitalize on
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2008 for the course ILROB 1220 taught by Professor Goncaloj during the Fall '07 term at Cornell.

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ob abbey's final_Review_Sheet - Final Exam Review Sheet...

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