Review.odt - MODULE 1 LECTURE Question 1 • 5 out of 5...

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MODULE 1 LECTURE: Question 1 5 out of 5 points The fossil record has established that prokaryotes existed on earth for approximately 2 billion years before eukaryotes appeared. Selected Answer: True Question 2 5 out of 5 points All prokaryotes have mitochondria. Selected Answer: False Question 3 5 out of 5 points All microorganisms are parasites. Selected Answer: False Question 4 5 out of 5 points _________ demonstrated that boiling instruments and applying carbolic acid to dressings covering wounds dramatically reduced the incidence of disease. Selected Answer: D. Lister Question 5 0 out of 5 points In respect to the history of microbiology, the 2000s are widely called: Selected Answer: B. (No valid response) Question 6 0 out of 5 points Which of the following is not considered one of the six main types of microorganisms? Selected Answer: A. Helminth Question 7 5 out of 5 points
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Which of the following genera(genus) of bacteria have an appearance of a bunch of grapes and is a common bacterial  pathogen of humans? Selected Answer: C. Staphylococcus Question 8 5 out of 5 points Which of the following is responsible for changing the atmosphere of the earth from one without oxygen to one with oxygen? Selected Answer: A. Photosynthesis Question 9 5 out of 5 points The study of evolutionary relationships among organisms is called _________. Selected Answer: C. Phylogeny Question 10 5 out of 5 points What is another name for exobiology? Selected Answer: B. Astrobiology Question 11 5 out of 5 points A scientist that constructs a hypothesis and then tests its validity by outlining predicted events of the hypothesis followed by experiments to test for those events is using the _________ approach. Selected Answer: D. Scientific method Question 12 5 out of 5 points What is the assignment of scientific names to the various taxonomic categories and individual organisms? Selected Answer: E. Nomenclatur e Question 13 5 out of 5 points
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Using microbes to detoxify a site contaminated with heavy metals is an example of _________. Selected Answer: C. Bioremediation Question 14 0 out of 5 points _________ discovered microorganisms using a microscope that achieved magnification of 30-500x. Selected Answer: D. Leeuwenhoek Question 15 5 out of 5 points Which scientist showed that anthrax was caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis ? Selected Answer: B. Robert Koch Question 16 5 out of 5 points The orderly arrangement of organisms into a hierarchy of taxa is called _________. Selected Answer: C. Classification Question 17 5 out of 5 points The number one worldwide infectious diseases are _________. Selected Answer: D. Respiratory diseases Question 18 5 out of 5 points What is evolution?
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