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Running head: WK9 PATHO1wk9 pathoApril MatthewsWalden University
WK9 PATHO2wk9 pathoPost an explanation of the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus. Describe the differences and similarities between resulting alterations of hormonal regulation. Then explain how the factors you selected might impact the diagnosis and prescription of treatment for these two types of diabetes.Diabetes MellitusDiabetes Mellitus “is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both” (Huether & McCance, 2017, p.471). “Early symptoms are related to hyperglycemia and include polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria, and blurred vision. Later complications include vascular disease, peripheral neuropathy,nephropathy, and predisposition to infection” (Kishore, 2014). DM type 1 is a result of beta cell destruction and apoptosis in the pancreas. Most DM1 is autoimmune in nature. Due to the destruction of beta cells “insulin synthesis declines and hyperglycemia develops over time” (Huether & McCance, 2017, p. 473). DM type 2 is causes by environmental and genetic interaction. Due to these factor a person becomes insulin resistant. Obesity is a mjor factor;