1. Topic One - Intellectual Foundation of Informatics

1. Topic One - Intellectual Foundation of Informatics -...

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ICT703: HUMAN CENTERED INFORMATICS LECTURE 1 INTELLECTUAL FOUNDATION OF INFORMATICS By Nor Laila Md Noor & Afdallyna F. Harun
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Topic outline Learning Outcomes 2 INFORMATIONAL PHENOMENA INFORMATION USE TECHNOLOGY USE HUMAN CENTERED INFORMATICS At the end of this lecture, students will be able to: Describe key concepts related to informational phenomena, information and technology use, Appreciate the evolution of human centered informatics from the roots of human factors, informatics and HCI. ICT703 - Lecture 1 Sept 2016 Jan 2017
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INFORMATIONAL PHENOMENA INFORMATION USE TECHNOLOGY USE HUMAN CENTERED INFORMATICS History of Computing Information, Informatics, Information Management Informational Phenomena Some Terms 3 First Generation Computer: (1945 -1956) made of vacuum tubes- operating instructions were made-to-order for the specific task for which the computer was to be used Second Generation Computer: (1956-1963 ) made of transistors and already used in business, universities and the government (from companies such as Burroughs, Control Data, Honeywell, IBM, Sperry-Rand, and others) Third Generation Computer: (1965-1971) made of integrated chip - use of an operating system that allowed machines to run many different programs at once with a central program that monitored and coordinated the computer's memory Fourth Generation Computer: (1971 current) Fifth Generation Computer: (future) Mechanical & computing centric Digital computers grounded from ideas from 1700s and 1800s Concern is on the information and its communication ICT703 - Lecture 1 Sept 2016 Jan 2017
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INFORMATIONAL PHENOMENA INFORMATION USE TECHNOLOGY USE HUMAN CENTERED INFORMATICS History of Computing Information, Informatics, Information Management Informational Phenomena Some Terms 4 Information has three indivisible ingredients content, context and structure. Concept Definition Human Aspect Information Data that has been processed in such a way as to be meaningful to the person who receives it. Meaningful to human Informatics The study of the structure, behaviour, and interactions of natural and engineered computational systems Interaction Information management The collection and management of information from one or more sources and the distribution of that information to one or more audiences . Human as receiver ICT703 - Lecture 1 Sept 2016 Jan 2017
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INFORMATIONAL PHENOMENA INFORMATION USE TECHNOLOGY USE HUMAN CENTERED INFORMATICS History of Computing Information, Informatics, Information Management Informational Phenomena Some Terms 5 Informatics: the study of the structure, behaviour, and interactions of natural and engineered computational systems. Informational phenomena: computation, cognition and communication Science of Information Engineering of Information Systems Computer Science Cognitive Science Artificial Intelligence Analysis of Computation & Design of Computing Systems Study of Natural Systems Designing Systems that Emulate Nature ICT703 - Lecture 1 Sept 2016 Jan 2017
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INFORMATIONAL PHENOMENA INFORMATION USE TECHNOLOGY USE
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  • Spring '16
  • Human Centered Informatics

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