Class 5 - Levels of Analysis - Why Nations Act

Class 5 - Levels of Analysis - Why Nations Act - Intro to...

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Intro to International Relations: Levels of Analysis – Why Nations Act Class 5: Monday Sept. 8 POLS 1402 - Fall 2008 Mon-Wed-Fri 8:00-8:50 AM
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Today - Mon. Sept 8: Class #5: Levels of Analysis in IR: Why  Nations Act  Readings: Gaddis,  The Long Peace Elements of  Stability in the Post-War International  System,  pp. 506-521  [Andrew F.] Singer,  The Level of Analysis Problem in  IR , pp.133-147   [Momin]
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Class Objectives Introduce Ekim  Discuss explanations for bi-polar, Cold  War stability  Discuss Levels of Analysis in IR Next few classes, we will investigate IR  theory in detail October 8 th : Washington Seminar rep.
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Key Terms and Definitions: Levels of analysis Different explanations that can be organized  according to three different levels that allow us to  focus our study of international politics. Cognitive decision making : Making choices within the limits of what you  consciously know Groupthink :   The pressures within a group to achieve consensus,  without full examination of alternative perspectives  and options 
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Last time: Trends in the 21 st Century IR World Polar Structure:  US as global hegemon Wither the West?  Declining Western  Challenges to the authority of the State Security challenges 
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The Future IR System: Possible directions given trends [posited by Rourke] Traditional, state-centered  Alternative non–state centered: McWorld  tendency   Alternative non–state centered: Tribalist  tendency A scenario of the future world system:  Politics of identity
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Relevance to Today: Key Observations:  Change in power equation  (from a Multi  Bi  Uni-polar IR  system) will result in a change in system operations     Multipolar Stability(18 th -20 th  C.)= Balance of power Bipolar Stability (20 th  C.)= [Gaddis,  The Long Peace ] Unipolar Moment = US Hegemony, but for how long? Post-Unipolar Structure   Uncertain outcome based on  trends Q: What if  the US declined to play Hegemon?   Could this create a power vacuum, anarchy, or resort  to tribalism, new “Dark Age”?
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John Lewis Gaddis The Long Peace Why was the bi-polar IR system during the bi-polar Cold War so stable? [Andrew F.]
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Gaddis’ The Long Peace Why was the Cold War so stable? Gaddis distinguishes STRUCTURE from BEHAVIOR to  explain the long peace Structure dependence (not inter dependence) Behavior :  Nuclear weapons; “reconnaissance  revolution”;  ideological moderation; stability in leadership crises; “Rules” of  the superpower game Offered several factors for superpower stability: Nuclear Deterrence
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This note was uploaded on 10/01/2008 for the course POLS 1402 taught by Professor Uzondu during the Fall '08 term at UConn.

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Class 5 - Levels of Analysis - Why Nations Act - Intro to...

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