Class 3 - Evolving World System

Class 3 - Evolving World System - Intro to International...

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Intro to International Relations: Evolving World System Class 3: Wed. Sept. 3 POLS 1402 - Fall 2008 Mon-Wed-Fri 8:00-8:50 AM
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Class Objectives : 3,000 years of world history in 75 minutes Readings: Rourke & Boyer, Chapter 2; From  Classic  Readings The Actors in International Politics,  pp.  127-133  Historical origins of the International System Significance (and evolution) of the Westphalian state Influence of Locke (state as extension of rational man) Influence of Adam Smith (economics of modern state system) 19th C. European balance of power system & its  demise (WW I/WWII) IR from Cold War to Present  (Kennan & Gaddis’  “The Long Peace”)
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Key Question to Address Why is the Treaty of Westphalia the  benchmark for IR scholars? What are the historical origins of the European  balance of power system? How can the Cold War be both a series of  superpower confrontations & same time be  “the long peace”? Why did the Cold War end? Who should get  the “credit”?
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Key terms and definitions: Core Concepts of IR Power The State Sovereignty Balance of Power The Nation
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Early History : Greek City-States, Roman Empire were  precursors of today’s IR system Roman Empire: How to keep various tribes,  kingdoms, states both secure and within the  roman sphere of influence? Disseminate a common language  (Latin) Employ various forms of local government &  autonomy Grant Roman citizenship   Cicero: expand empires borders, provide  security and stability via Roman Law ‘Hub & Spoke’ structure of empire
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Early Middle Ages : Collapse of a centralized Roman empire 3 Empires emerge from Roman collapse: Arab civilization (Islamic Caliphate) Byzantine empire (old Roman empire with  Christianity) Feudal Gaul, northern Italy (Charlemagne & “Holy  Roman Empire”) Decentralized, with increased trade, bundle of cultures  and languages Negotiated between Charlemagne  & church authorities Alternative to dominant religious empires
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Increasing Secular Trends Creation of HRE begins widening split between secular and  church from 1200 on Dante – argues for strict separation of church and political life 300 years of conflict and contradictions within HRE Church goal:  Universalism Medieval reality: small, fragmented feudal units, diverse people,  culture Secular trends  1000 – 1600s A.D . undermine both church and  feudal society: ^ travel, trade and communications  -- across formal borders ^ technology brings economic development – across formal borders Municipal centers of commerce require diplomacy to facilitate  commerce across formal borders When these trends occur in IR, systemic change is  possible (and usually follow)  
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Systemic Implications:
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