August 25 Chapter 1 History

August 25 Chapter 1 History - August 25, 2005 Chapter 1,...

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August 25, 2005 Chapter 1, History Psychology : the science of behavior and mental processes The early traditions: Structuralism : the school of psychological thought that considered the structure and elements of immediate, conscious experience to be the proper subject matter of psychology. Introspection: the self-examination of one’s mental processes, a technique used by the structuralists. Functionalism : the school of psychological thought that was an out-growth of structuralism and was concerned with how the mind functions and how this functioning is related to consciousness. Gestalt psychology : the school of psychological thought that argued that it is necessary to study a person’s total experience, not just parts of the mind or behavior, since conscious experience is more than simply the sum of its parts. Freud and psychoanalysis : Freud argued that the part of the mind that we know about – the conscious – is only a small segment of mental functioning. A larger unconscious contributes to thought and behavior by provoking slips of the tongue. The Behaviorist revolution
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August 25 Chapter 1 History - August 25, 2005 Chapter 1,...

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