ENGRI1110_Lect2 - If a device uses electricity and you can...

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If a device uses electricity and you can tell it what to do by programming, there is a chip inside The most sophisticated chip is a microprocessor whose transistors can perform millions of instructions per second A microprocessor contains transistors and passives connected with each other and with the outside
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Moore’s Law (Intel Corp.) Amount of space required to install a transistor on a chip shrinks by half every 18 months Space for 1 transistor 15 yrs ago can hold 1,000 today Limitations to Moore’s Law Miniaturization will run into limitations set by Nature Continued progress requires beating these limitations New devices based on nanotechnology may play a role Semiconductor industry prefers incremental change
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Nanoelectronics Can these solve any of the challenges of microelectronics? Can these be fabricated?
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Electronics Evolution Vacuum Tubes Transistors MOSFET transistor Conduction in Si and other materials
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Early Computers - Transition ENIAC – UPenn 1940s Tube-driven (power hungry, warm-up time) Occupied entire rooms Questionable reliability Billions of transistors can be carved into Si on a single chip no more than a few mm 2
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www.radio-electronics.com
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ENGRI1110_Lect2 - If a device uses electricity and you can...

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