Outline3 - Kagan Outline Chapter 3 Doing Harm 3.1...

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Kagan Outline: Chapter 3, “Doing Harm” 3.1 – Deontology Consequentialism : An act is right if it will have the best results, everything is based on consequence. Consequence is the only factor with intrinsic moral significance. Consequentialists are absolutists. Others believe there are several morally relevant factors besides simply consequence: 1. It is more important to avoid doing harm than it is to save people that need our help. 2. The only way to bring about the best results involves actually doing harm. Commonsense morality: We are forbidden from doing harm, even if this is the only way to bring about the best overall results. Deontological : Any moral theory that incorporates constraints. (Commonsense morality, not consequentialist). Deontologists believe in the existence of constraints—moral barriers to the promotion of good. While consequentialism assesses the moral status of an act based solely on its effects, deontology assesses the same act based on its intrinsic
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Outline3 - Kagan Outline Chapter 3 Doing Harm 3.1...

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