Drug Ed Final Review

Drug Ed Final Review - Drug Ed Final Review Chapter 13...

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Drug Ed Final Review Chapter 13 Belladonna -means “beautiful lady” in Italian - used to increase the size of pupils and produce a glassy effect on the eyes, which was considered desirable - also known as deadly nightshade - used during the Middle Ages in witches’ brews and statanic tiruals - consists of soft berries - believed to be an aphrodisiac - found in Europe, North Africa, and Asia - give a person the feeling of flying – which explains its association with witches and broomsticks - irregular heartbeat and drowsiness - extremely toxic Datura - one species of datura plant, Datura satramonium is known as locoweed or Jamestown weed (jimsonweed) - American Indians used this species in many rituals - also used as a rite of passage from childhood to adulthood - boys would hallucinate for several days without recollecting the experience later - used in China, Greece, India and Africa - used to treat asthma, epilepsy, delirium tremens, rheumatism, and menstrual pains - side effects are potentially harmful and noxious, so it is not used recreationally - holds special magical and religious significance to North American and Central American Indians - because it is readily available and inexpensive, its recreational use is increasing - in the 90’s the number of cases of jimsonweed poisoning in New York increased - dry mouth, burning thirst, dry skin, constipation, amnesia, dilated eyes in which bright lights are painful, inability to focus the eyes, rapid pulse, and difficulty urinating are physical effects - restlessness, disorientation, delirium and vivid hallucinations are mental effects - symptoms appear within 30 to 60 minutes after ingestion and may last for 24 to 48 hours - effects can be as severe as coma and death Mandrake - root of the mandrake plant resembled a human body, it has been valued for its medicinal and supernatural properties and had a reputation as an aphrodisiac - means “potent male” - grows in southern Europe, North Africa, western Asia, and the Himalayas - in Ancient Egypt it was used for inducing trances and in healing rituals - associated with witchcraft, sorcery and superstition - effects include mental confusion, increase heart rate, dilation of the pupils, dry mouth, hallucinations, and amnesia - two psychoactive drugs found in mandake are scopolamine and atropine - induce euphoria, feelings of sedation, disorientation, slurred speech, silly behavior, confusion, fatigue,
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2008 for the course EDHL 3534 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Drug Ed Final Review - Drug Ed Final Review Chapter 13...

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