Neuronal anatomy and communication

Neuronal anatomy and communication - Slide 1 Neuronal...

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Unformatted text preview: Slide 1 Neuronal Anatomy and Communication ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 2 Cells of the Nervous System: Neurons Three types of neurons: Sensory neurons Motor neurons Interneurons ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 3 Neuronal structure Soma Dendrites Axon Terminal buttons Synaptic cleft ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 4 Neuronal classifications Bipolar neuron Unipolar neuron Multipolar neuron ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 5 Internal structure Cell membrane Cytoplasm Mitochondria Nucleus Chromosomes Proteins Microtubules ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 6 Cells of the Nervous System: Glia Glial cells support neural function Nourishment Protection Insulation Cleaning ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 7 Glial Cells Astrocytes Arms wrap around blood vessels and neuronal structures Isolate the synaptic cleft Maintain chemical composition of extracellular space Clean up following cell death ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 8 Glial cells Oligodendrocytes (CNS) & Schwann cells (PNS) Provide support and insulation in the form of the myelin sheath Myelin Nodes of Ranvier ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________...
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Neuronal anatomy and communication - Slide 1 Neuronal...

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