Psychological Disorders

Psychological Disorders - Psychological Disorders DISORDERS...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychological Disorders Thursday, October 25, 2007 DISORDERS AND THERAPIES What is abnormal? o Statistical Infrequency o A violation of social norms o Personal distress o Disability/dysfunction o Unexpectedness Abnormality is defined as o Atypical o Disturbing o Maladaptive and harmful o Unjustifiable Insanity is a legal ruling that an accused individual is not responsible for a crime Five Axes of DSM-IV o Axis I -- Clinical Syndromes (NB: Syndrome -- a collection of symptoms) o Axis II -- Personality disorders and mental retardation o Axis III -- General medical conditions o Axis IV -- Psychosocial and environmental stressors o Axis V -- Current level of functioning The Mental Disorder Continuum range of distress Maximal mental disorder <-------------------------> Absence of mental disorder Co-morbidity o Many people suffer from more than one psychological order (and numbers are increasing) 52% of American population show no symptoms throughout life 21% show one psychological disorder 13% show two disorders 14% show 3 or more disorders Anxiety Disorders (14.6% of population) o Phobias Specific (simple) -- intense, paralyzing fear of some object or thing Social -- excessive, inappropriate fears connected with social situations or performances in front of other people o Panic disorder An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent panic attacks Panic attack -- a sudden, unpredictable, and overwhelming experience of intense fear or terror without any reasonable cause o Generalized anxiety disorder An anxiety disorder characterized by prolonged vague but intense fears that are not attached to any particular object or circumstance 4% of general population has this More women diagnosed than men Joan's Clinical Interview Joan is persistently anxious
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Uncontrollable worry about ALL kinds of things o Obsessive-compulsive disorder An anxiety disorder in which a person feels driven to think disturbing thoughts
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

Psychological Disorders - Psychological Disorders DISORDERS...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online